Previously published as: Integrated Manufacturing Systems
Online from: 2004
Subject Area: Operations and Logistics Management
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|Title:||A computer-aided approach to material selection and environmental auditing|
|Author(s):||Manocher Djassemi, (Industrial Technology Area, Orfalea College of Business, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, USA)|
|Citation:||Manocher Djassemi, (2012) "A computer-aided approach to material selection and environmental auditing", Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 23 Iss: 6, pp.704 - 716|
|Keywords:||Data analysis, Decision making, Environmental assessment, Material selection, Materials management, Product life cycle, Sustainability|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/17410381211253290 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an environmental-oriented material selection methodology with two distinct features: it uses a computer-aided material selector coupled with environmental auditing; and it provides a quantitative analysis of environmental impact of selected material.
Design/methodology/approach – A two-phase computer-aided procedure that considers material properties, manufacturing constraints, and design and economic requirements is introduced with the objective of finding the material with least negative environmental impact. The procedure is illustrated for an industrial component.
Findings – The implementation of the proposed procedure resulted in screening of three feasible materials from a database of 2,900 materials, among which cast aluminum exhibits savings in energy consumption and CO
Research limitations/implications – Although the use of digital databases and material selectors can increase the searching speed and efficiency, the user's knowledge is still needed to achieve the maximum benefits.
Originality/value – Consideration of eco-sustainability factors in product development may require handling an overwhelming amount of data and performing a good many calculations. The literature review also indicates the difficulty of incorporating quantitative data into environmental and life cycle assessments of a product. As a first step to overcome such challenges, the paper presents a practicalcomputer-aided procedure that can assist product mangers or designers in quickly and efficiently incorporating environmental and sustainability considerations into their business decision making.
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