Online from: 2007
Subject Area: Marketing
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|Title:||Conceptualisation of branding: strategy based on the Indian pharma sector|
|Author(s):||Shamindra Nath Sanyal, (College of Management, Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata, India), Saroj Kumar Datta, (VIT Business School, VIT University, Vellore, India), Asok Kumar Banerjee, (College of Management, Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata, India)|
|Citation:||Shamindra Nath Sanyal, Saroj Kumar Datta, Asok Kumar Banerjee, (2013) "Conceptualisation of branding: strategy based on the Indian pharma sector", International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, Vol. 7 Iss: 2, pp.175 - 198|
|Keywords:||Brand awareness, Branded generics, Branding, Consumer behaviour, India, Need achievement, Opinion leaders, Pharmaceutical marketing, Pharmaceuticals industry|
|Article type:||Conceptual paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/IJPHM-04-2013-0013 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The first author is especially grateful to Dr Pallavi Banerjee, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Bethune College (University of Calcutta) for her help in the data triangulation method.|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address how the concept of branding exists in the pharmaceutical sector and Indian market in particular; and second, how this branding technique might be modified to optimize the marketing of branded generics in India.
Design/methodology/approach – The study was conducted using qualitative interviews with two sets of respondents in Kolkata city, India: first, 20 senior managers of five renowned Indian pharmaceutical companies and second, 20 physicians of two categories. Patterns of concordance for the author-coder pairs were tested by using Cohen's kappa.
Findings – This study investigated the relationships between five different parameters deemed responsible for enhancing the brand awareness of pharmaceuticals. Out of these five parameters, the authors have identified that “importance of customers' perceptions and need achievement” leads to the development of a positioning statement to communicate the brand's functional values and brand personality; and “importance of pharma brand age in brand awareness” establishes the relationship of brand age with brand recall and communication in brand recall. A high value of Cohen's kappa has helped to establish the qualitative inquiry of the current research.
Practical implications – The authors have proposed that through the said five parameters, the pharmaceutical branding technique might be modified to optimise the marketing of branded generics in India. A strategic comprehensive model that has been constructed would give a direction for branding in the pharmaceutical industry.
Originality/value – This research work has extended prior pharmaceutical branding research by conceptualising the branding strategy as a brand awareness tool, in a new area called branded generic drugs in India.
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