Online from: 2007
Subject Area: Regional Management Studies
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|Title:||Research on transition of China's resource cities: a case study of Pingxiang|
|Author(s):||Zheng Fu, (Center for Social Security Studies, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China)|
|Citation:||Zheng Fu, (2012) "Research on transition of China's resource cities: a case study of Pingxiang", Chinese Management Studies, Vol. 6 Iss: 1, pp.184 - 203|
|Keywords:||China, Cities, Green GDP, Industrial structure benefit, Industry transformation, Resource-based city, Resources, Sustainable development|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/17506141211213988 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||This work is partially supported by the project entitled “A study on industrial structure adjustment and optimization of Pingxiang City”, which is provided by Pingxiang municipal government. This research is also one part of the #10BGL102 Project, aided financially by the State Social Science Fund (to Professor Zhang Qilin).|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the specific challenges with which resource-based cities are faced when they begin along the path of industrial transformation and to employ empirical studies to determine whether relevant reforms in resource-based cities (taking Pingxiang, one of the first round of resource-exhausted cities acting as pilot cities in the national sustainable development transformation program, as an example), promoted by local government in recent years, have brought significant changes to their development modes and facilitated the real transition.
Design/methodology/approach – The paper carried out some empirical studies from different angles: employing the “vertical table graph” method, to turn Pingxiang's statistical data (1997-2010) into a graph that visually shows Pingxiang's economic and social development; comparing several major economic and social development indicators (especially the energy consumption per unit of GDP) of 11 cities within Jiangxi Province in order to learn Pingxiang's relative positions; based on time series data from 1997 to 2009, calculating the change rates, the variation coefficients and the shift-share indexes of industrial structure so as to measure the quality of Pingxiang's structural transformation; comparing the above results with the cities of Jiaozuo, Benxi and Dalian; and comparing economic and social development state of 16 resource-based cities (which are all among the list of 44 national resource-exhausted cities) from the perspective of “green GDP”.
Findings – Although Pingxiang has gained great progress in economic development, its industrial structure is not rational enough, and shows great dependence on mining industry with a too high share of the secondary industry and a too small proportion of the tertiary industry. Its heavy dependence on resources and investment does not suggest a fundamental change in development modes. Accordingly, the city's development idea should be switched from GDP-orientation to sustainable development. It should proceed with the optimization of the industrial structure adjustment, increase manpower capital investment and develop new green substitutable industries, so as to catalyze the success of transition.
Originality/value – This integration of empirical analysis methods from three angles in multivariate statistical analysis, environmental economics, and industrial economics is novel in the field of research on resource-city and industry change. It not only could be of some help in decision making for Pingxiang municipal government, but also could provide reference for other cities dependent on resource exploitation.
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