Online from: 2007
Subject Area: Environmental Management/Environment
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|Title:||Kosova's household energy efficiency and fuel supplies|
|Author(s):||Brian H. Bowen, (RIT-AUK Center for Energy & Natural Resources, American University in Kosova, Prishtina, Kosova), James A. Myers, (Center for Multidisciplinary Studies, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York, USA), Agon Nixha, (RIT-AUK Center for Energy & Natural Resources, American University in Kosova, Prishtina, Kosova)|
|Citation:||Brian H. Bowen, James A. Myers, Agon Nixha, (2011) "Kosova's household energy efficiency and fuel supplies", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 5 Iss: 4, pp.545 - 563|
|Keywords:||Energy consumption, Environment, Fuels, Government policy, Household energy efficiency, Kosova, Wood|
|Article type:||Case study|
|DOI:||10.1108/17506221111186369 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||Funding for this study was supplied by the World Bank, as part of its Western Balkans Energy Efficiency Study, and by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund for the promotion and evaluation of energy data collection in Kosova. Assistance with the data collection and analysis was provided by AUK research students Adnan Hoxha, Kushtrim Bahtiri, Arzanna Myderrizi, and Vlora Berbatovci.|
Purpose – The Kosova Government is promoting energy efficiency and the purpose of this paper is to make a contribution to the efforts being made, in the form of a household survey which visited 2,370 homes in the capital city Prishtina.
Design/methodology/approach – Student teams from the American University in Kosovo (AUK) conducted the survey under faculty guidance and their collected data provide valuable information.
Findings – The survey indicates that Kosova's progress on energy efficiency is not far behind the EU requirements.
Research limitations/implications – The AUK survey results are from the most densely populated area of Prishtina and so these results will be of special interest to the city planners.
Practical implications – The survey indicates that an average of 7.58?m3 of wood is consumed per home annually. From the data for all homes, 78 per cent heat one to three rooms and for the medium-size category it was 83 per cent. For all homes in the phase 1 survey, 62 per cent spend between 10-30 per cent of family income on electricity. The weighted average of the electricity costs in a medium-size home is 63 each Winter month. The government therefore needs to effectively implement appropriate incentives or subsidies to promote a wide household energy efficiency program. Using an average wood cost of 35 to 40/m3 and the 1.525 million m3/year total consumption, the total wood revenue is 60.6 million.
Social implications – There also needs to be thousands of smaller personal investments for household high efficiency wood stoves. Both types of investments will reduce Kosova's environmental problem of particulates from ash.
Originality/value – The combined Phase 1 and Phase 2 surveys are expected to provide the most comprehensive household energy survey ever conducted in the Balkans.
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