Online from: 2008
Subject Area: Health Care Management/Healthcare
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|Title:||Using normative messages to increase healthy behaviours|
|Author(s):||Jason M. Slaunwhite, (Department of Psychology, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Canada), Steven M. Smith, (Department of Psychology, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Canada), Mark T. Fleming, (Department of Psychology, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Canada), Leandre R. Fabrigar, (Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada)|
|Citation:||Jason M. Slaunwhite, Steven M. Smith, Mark T. Fleming, Leandre R. Fabrigar, (2009) "Using normative messages to increase healthy behaviours", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 2 Iss: 3, pp.231 - 244|
|Keywords:||Behaviour, Canada, Public health|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/17538350910993421 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this research is to evaluate the impact of theory-based poster messages on stair-climbing behaviour in a work environment. The highest-rated poster developed by the Public Health Agency of Canada's stairway to health program was used as a comparison condition.
Design/methodology/approach – Naturalistic observation of stair traffic was conducted in order to measure the effectiveness of poster prompts on stair-climbing behaviour. Over a period of three years, three separate studies were conducted aimed at increasing stair-use via experimentally manipulated and theory-based poster messages.
Findings – Results suggest that messages derived from a norm-based framework are more persuasive than generic information-based posters when attempting to increase stair-climbing behaviour.
Practical implications – Small increases in health-related behaviours at work have important consequences for both individuals and organizations. Using poster messages derived from social psychological theory could prove advantageous for practitioners attempting to increase healthy behaviours at work.
Originality/value – This research provides the first evidence for the use of norm-based health-related messages targeted at increasing healthy behaviours. The study makes a theoretical contribution to the creation and application of norm-based appeals using both simple and complex message framing. Prior to this study, there was no available research on the effectiveness of such appeals on health-related behaviour.
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