Online from: 2009
Subject Area: Enterprise and Innovation
|Title:||Financial self-efficacy among women entrepreneurs|
|Author(s):||Frances M. Amatucci, (School of Business, Slippery Rock University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA), Daria C. Crawley, (School of Business, Robert Morris University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)|
|Citation:||Frances M. Amatucci, Daria C. Crawley, (2011) "Financial self-efficacy among women entrepreneurs", International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 3 Iss: 1, pp.23 - 37|
|Keywords:||Entrepreneurs, Financial management, Gender, Self esteem, Skills training, Women|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/17566261111114962 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge the comments provided by the journal reviewers and Dr Susan Coleman, Professor of Finance, University of Hartford.|
Purpose – As the number of women businesses owners grows worldwide, it is increasingly important to understand the factors which contribute to their success. While entrepreneurship research identifies access to human and financial capital as being important, fewer studies explore the role of sociocognitive factors such as self-efficacy or confidence in one's abilities to perform a particular task. This paper aims to examine gender-related attitudes toward financial management drawing from existing studies education, cognitive psychology, and entrepreneurship.
Design/methodology/approach – The empirical study creates a measure of financial self-efficacy (FSE) and highlights the importance of age and racial differences among experienced, nascent and aspiring women entrepreneurs. Firm and individual-level data were obtained from a web survey and subsequent factor analysis and analysis of variance statistical methods utilized.
Findings – Empirical findings only partially attest to the lack of confidence combined with anxiety about dealing with financial management. Age and racial differences are significantly related to FSE.
Research limitations/implications – Sample size is relatively small and geographically concentrated.
Practical implications – The paper suggests the need for more research regarding women entrepreneurs and their confidence with regard to financial management. It also suggests the need for possible interventions for women entrepreneurs to increase FSE.
Social implications – This research examines gender differences with regard to learning math/financial management subjects and the potential need for single-gender entrepreneurial training programs that focus on finance-related activities.
Originality/value – The paper developed a construct for FSE that is robust and significantly related to age and racial differences.
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