Online from: 2011
Subject Area: Information and Knowledge Management
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|Title:||Applying fuzzy grey relational analysis for ranking the advanced manufacturing systems|
|Author(s):||Sanjeev Goyal, (Mechanical Engineering Department, YMCA University of Science and Technology, Faridabad, India), Sandeep Grover, (Mechanical Engineering Department, YMCA University of Science and Technology, Faridabad, India)|
|Citation:||Sanjeev Goyal, Sandeep Grover, (2012) "Applying fuzzy grey relational analysis for ranking the advanced manufacturing systems", Grey Systems: Theory and Application, Vol. 2 Iss: 2, pp.284 - 298|
|Keywords:||Advanced manufacturing technologies, Data analysis, Decision making, Fuzzy logic, Grey relational analysis, Grey systems, Selection|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/20439371211260243 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – Advanced manufacturing system (AMS) offers opportunities for industries to improve their technology, flexibility and profitability through a highly efficient and focused approach to manufacturing effectiveness. Selecting a proper AMS is a complicated task for the managers as it involves large tangible and intangible selection attributes. Failure to take right decision in selecting proper AMS alternative may even lead industry to losses. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to rank the AMS alternatives by using fuzzy grey relational analysis, which will help managers when choosing an appropriate AMS.
Design/methodology/approach – This research proposes a multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) method, fuzzy grey relational analysis (FGRA), for AMS selection. The methodology is explained as follows. AMS alternatives and selection attributes will be chosen. The qualitative attributes will be converted into quantitative using fuzzy conversion scale. Then these data will be pre-processed to normalize every value. This step is done to convert all alternatives into a comparability sequence. According to these sequences a reference sequence (ideal target sequence) is defined. Then, the grey relational coefficient between all comparability sequences and the reference sequence is calculated. Finally, based on these grey relational coefficients, the grey relational grade between the reference sequence and every comparability sequences is calculated. If a comparability sequence translated from an alternative has the highest grey relational grade between the reference sequence and itself, then that alternative will be the best choice. Fuzzy logic is used here to convert linguistic data into crisp score.
Findings – The proposed method is validated and compared by taking two examples from literature. The traditional statistical techniques require large data sets for evaluating attributes while grey theory on the contrary solve the multi attribute decision making problems with small data sets. This methodology will significantly increase the efficiency of decision making and overall competitiveness for manufacturing industries. This approach will motivate more and more industries to invest in AMS.
Practical implications – This method will help managers to weigh the AMS alternatives before actually buying them, which will in turn save money and time. This will build confidence of the top management for investing in costly technology such as AMS.
Originality/value – From time to time, various researchers have proposed various techniques to select the AMS. However, a survey on current evaluation methods shows that they are all less objective, lack accurate data processing, involve large calculations because of their complexity. In this paper, the authors attempt to solve the problem of AMS selection with FGRA, which is more logical, axiomatic, generates results in fewer steps with less calculations and is easy to understand. This paper succeeds in getting AMS alternatives' ranking using fuzzy grey relational analysis.
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