Emerald | Program: electronic library and information systems | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0033-0337.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Program: electronic library and information systems Journal en-gb Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Program: electronic library and information systems | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/progcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0033-0337.htm 120 157 Knowledge management reliability and its impact on organizational performance: an empirical study http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0033-0337&volume=48&issue=2&articleid=17106861&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Although the topic of knowledge management (KM) failure has emerged over the past several years, no specific theory has been proposed about the ability of an organization to discover and manage unexpected failures in the organizational capabilities of KM. Thus, the main purpose of this study is to develop a theory of KM reliability by taking into account the availability of existing theory of high reliability for organizations. Furthermore, this study aims to empirically evaluate the impact of a reliable KM on organizational performance by developing a reliability measurement instrument.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The study develops and tests a theoretical framework whereby the reliable KM is supported on its reliability aspects and organizational performance on its financial, process, and internal aspects. Based on a questionnaire, data was obtained from a sample of 254 companies in North America. The measurement model was tested and confirmed by using structural equation modeling (SEM).<B>Findings</B> - The results show that the reliable KM has a multi-dimensional structure as the described by the proposed theoretical framework. Additionally, the results underscore the importance of KM reliability in creating conditions favorable for a firm’s success.<B>Practical implications</B> - It was verified that the reliable KM affects the measures of organizational performance, including financial, process, and internal performance. This is useful for researchers and executives looking for appropriate outcomes through the implementation of KM initiatives. Furthermore, this study provides a starting point for further research on KM reliability.<B>Originality/value</B> - This study claims that a key to successful KM is to create a cognitive infrastructure that enables simultaneous adaptive learning and provides an organizational reliability infrastructure through the management of unwanted, unanticipated, and unexplainable failures in the KM’s required capabilities. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Mohammad Mahdavi Mazdeh, Roozbeh Hesamamiri) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Digital User Behaviour of Academicians in a Conflict Zone, Kashmir: Comparing Log Analysis of electronic resources in the times of Conflict and Peace http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0033-0337&volume=48&issue=2&articleid=17106873&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The study explores digital user behaviour of academicians in Kashmir (Indian Administered) in the times of conflict (2008-2010) and peace (2011-2012). It is an attempt to investigate the influence of political conditions on the usage of electronic resources. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Transaction logs in the form of COUNTER reports from Project MUSE database that represent usage at University of Kashmir, were mined for 5 years - January 2008 to December 2012. The data was divided in to two time periods; conflict period – 2008 to 2010 and peace period – 2011 to 2012. <B>Findings</B> - There is as strong relationship between peace, conflict and e-resource usage. The results confirm peace and conflict as explanatory factors on the use of electronic resources in conflict zones, like Kashmir. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Understanding how users behave in the online academic environments, the academic administrators can help to satisfy the perceptions and needs of users associated with the electronic settings.<B>Practical implications</B> - Understanding how users behave in the online academic environments, the academic administrators can help to satisfy the perceptions and needs of users associated with the electronic resource settings.<B>Originality/value</B> - The study is first of its own kind as it is trying to relate the user behaviour with political setups in a conflict zone, Kashmir. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Sumeer Gul, Tariq Ahmad Shah, Suhail Ahmad) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 SRU/W Based CRIS Systems Search Profile http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0033-0337&volume=48&issue=2&articleid=17106860&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The main goal of the presented research was to develop a CRIS systems search profile that would enable CRIS users to perform unified and semantically rich search for the records stored in the CRIS systems.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Prior to the search profile construction, diverse representative types of the scientific research data store systems (CRISs, digital libraries, institutional repositories, and search portals) were analyzed versus available search modes, indexes and query types. <B>Findings</B> - The new SRU/W standard based search profile (CRIS profile) aimed for searching scientific research data was proposed that supports search for all types of data identified though an exhaustive analysis covering all major scientific and research data store systems.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Constrains of the proposed profile could appear from the fact that data identified in analyzed systems do not comprise all scientific research data recognized by CERIF standard which, in turn, could call for the profile extension. <B>Practical implications</B> - Search profile has been verified on the data in the existing CRIS systems at the University of Novi Sad. CRIS search profile enables unified and semantically rich search for the data stored in heterogeneous distributed scientific research data store systems.<B>Originality/value</B> - The new SRU/W based search profile extensively supports search domain of scientific research data in CRIS systems. Commitments to SRU/W and CQL standards enable interoperability among heterogeneous, distributed scientific research data sources. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Valentin Penca, Siniša Nikolic, Dragan Ivanovic, Zora Konjovic, Dušan Surla) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 The use of IT-based information services: an investigation into the current status of public university libraries in Bangladesh http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0033-0337&volume=48&issue=2&articleid=17106865&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the current status of public universities in Bangladesh in terms of library resources and services, IT infrastructure and training requirements for the establishment of a centralized, networked electronic library for the universities in the country.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - A survey was conducted in March-April 2012 to ascertain the level of library automation practices, access to online resources and IT facilities utilized by the public universities in Bangladesh. The survey questionnaire was distributed through post and emails directed to the university librarians. The librarians were also asked to identify the type of IT-related training they had and the type of training they require. <B>Findings</B> - The survey results indicate that there are insufficiencies in library resources, automation practices, access to online resources and IT facilities in the universities. Although the use of computer and network technologies in older universities is reasonably high; newer universities are lagging far behind in the latest technology applications. The results also suggest significant training needs by the librarians across all areas of electronic information processing.<B>Originality/value</B> - This is the first time an attempt has been made to assess the readiness of the public universities in Bangladesh for implementing IT-based information services. The paper also proposed a framework for implementing an integrated electronic library for the universities in the country to offer them better access to a wide range of online resources and services. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (S.M. Zabed Ahmed) Tue, 11 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Methods for Recommending and Predicting Nobel Prize Candidates – A Case Study of HIV/AIDS Subject Area http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0033-0337&volume=48&issue=2&articleid=17106878&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - In the 21th century, technology and information are continuously being changed and updated quickly. Many new innovation and discovery emerge daily. This study aimed to identify significant pioneers and milestones in academic research through utilizing bibliometric methods and heterogeneous data, including textbook citations, theses and dissertations citations, and journal citations<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - This study proposed several methods and formulas for recommending Nobel prizes candidates. Through utilizing Bibliometric methods and heterogeneous data, including textbook citations, theses and dissertations, and journal articles, this research facilitated the collection of numerous significant research results. We propose several new useful formulas included the pioneer paper impact factor, popular classical paper impact factor, ranking factor of specific fields, groundbreaking author impact factor, and frequently cited author impact factor.<B>Findings</B> - This study utilized historical information on the Nobel Prize to examine, revise, and verify existing methods for recommending and predicting candidates, in order to enhance the accuracy and availability of the approach presented by this study. Experimental Results showed that the approach designed in this study had a rate of successful prediction exceeding 50%. The major reason to produce reasonable results is that we filter the milestone paper and pioneer paper first, and then we filter the important candidate authors from the most pioneer paper. Therefore, the results indicated the feasibility of the methods developed by this study.<B>Originality/value</B> - The purpose of the Nobel Prize is to award original research findings or inventions, which significantly and positively influence human life. However, due to budget limitations, only five fields are included in the academic domains for which Nobel prizes are awarded. We develop one useful new way to identify milestone paper and author. Young students can choose, read and learn from these milestone papers. The pioneer authors identified by this research could be the recommended candidate list for some academic awards. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Guo Gen-Ming, Chen Hui-Shan) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Exploring Research Data in Indian Institutional Repositories http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0033-0337&volume=48&issue=2&articleid=17106862&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of this paper is to explore various types of research materials in Indian Institutional Repositories<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The repositories are identified from the ROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories). The repository sites were visited to collect the data necessary for the study.<B>Findings</B> - The present study reveals that barring a few repositories the collection of the most of the repositories is very low. The percentage of archived materials is high for journal papers, and moderate for conference papers/thesis. However it is very low for preprints/working papers, teaching resources and patents.<B>Originality/value</B> - The study provides an overview of archived material in Institutional Repositories of India Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Mohammad Hanief Bhat) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100