Emerald | Electronic Library, The | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0264-0473.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Electronic Library, The Journal en-gb Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Electronic Library, The | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/elcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0264-0473.htm 120 157 IDL framework to integrate disparate digital library systems: a case study http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107864&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The main purpose of this article is providing a focal framework with the aim of making integrated digital libraries in technical and content level of syntactic interoperability between digital libraries.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Literature review, library research method and analytical approach were used in the first step of this research in order to design IDL framework. Then a survey of eleven Iranian digital library applications was conducted for testing the proposed framework. Finally, based on the findings, conceptual integration architecture proposed based on the framework.<B>Findings</B> - Based on the literature a framework for integration of digital library applications in syntax level is proposed which includes four core layers: Models, Protocols, Metadata formats, and context-based layer. Based on the findings of the survey, integration architecture is proposed which includes all the mentioned layers in the IDL Framework. So as to decrease cost of installing the architecture, cloud base technology architecture introduced to be used inverse. <B>Originality/value</B> - A gap exist between research and practice in the field of integrated digital libraries. In fact this article is an attempt to cover this gap by proposing a framework that can be implemented. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Integrating Semantic Web Technologies with XML Schema Using Role-Mapping Annotations http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107856&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - XML Schema is used to define schema of XML documents that have become standards for data exchange in various Web-based information applications. The main problem of XML Schema is that it emphasizes syntax and format rather than semantics and knowledge representation. Hence, even though having the advantage of describing the structure and constraining the contents of XML documents, XML Schema lacks the computer-interpretability to support knowledge representation for existing information systems. This study proposes Role-Mapping Annotations for XML Schema (RMAXS) to integrate Semantic Web with XML Schema, which allows the facilitation interoperability between adjoining layers of the Semantic Web stack.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The XML, XML Schema, Ontology, and Rule can be completely integrated into a Multi-layered Intelligent Framework (MIF) for XML-based applications in the current Web environment. This work presents a Semantic-Role-Mapping Intelligent System, called SRMIS, based on the MIF. SRMIS consists of XML-based document repository, search engine, inference engine and transformation engine, which provides different approaches to present the various metadata and knowledge representations. <B>Findings</B> - The traditional Semantic Web Stack has three gaps between adjoining layers. The first gap, between the XML and XML Schema Layers can be bridged with an XMLSchema-instance mechanism. The third gap, between the Ontology and Rule layers can be connected by building rules on top of ontologies. This study proposes RMAXS to couple the second gap, between the XML Schema and Ontology layers. The proposed Multi-layered Intelligent Framework (MIF) adopts these coupling technologies to facilitate interoperability between adjoining layers. Therefore, the XML, XML Schema, Ontology, and Rule can be completely integrated into the MIF for intelligent applications in the Web environment.<B>Practical implications</B> - To demonstrate the SRMIS applications, this work implements a prototype that helps researchers to find interested papers.<B>Originality/value</B> - This work presents a Semantic-Role-Mapping Intelligent System, called SRMIS, based on the MIF. SRMIS consists of XML-based document repository, search engine, inference engine and transformation engine, which provides different approaches to present the various metadata and knowledge representations. The proposed SRMIS can be applied in various application domains. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (I-Ching Hsu, Jang Yang Lee, Der-Chen Huang, Kuan-Yang Lai) Tue, 25 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 A New Interactive Guiding System with SNS Services at Exhibition http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107849&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - A new interactive guiding system allowing people to use their own smart mobile devices, such as smart phones or tablet PCs, to activate the guiding services at the art gallery was developed in this study. The system provided interactions between visitors and exhibit items. It focused on the highly interactive functions between visitors and artworks authors as well as among visitors at both exhibition sites and social network sites (SNSs).<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The system used Quick Response (QR) codes as the context aware elements, Facebook as the platform of SNSs, and smart mobile devices as the human-machine interfaces. Visitors carrying their own smart phones or tablet PCs can activate the guiding services by scanning the QR codes of the interested exhibit items. A System Usability Scale (SUS) survey was conducted to understand the visitors’ perceptions on system usability. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the visitors’ and authors’ attitudes on releasing messages through the Facebook.<B>Findings</B> - The system was implemented at an art center where lacquer artworks were on display. The SUS survey showed that 94% of the participated visitors have satisfactorily rated this new guiding system, indicating rather high usability of the system. Most participated visitors agreed on Facebook as an ideal channel to release messages and they would pay more attention to the highly-recommended exhibit items. All the artworks authors consented to this new guiding system with potential power to disseminate their works over the cyberspace.<B>Originality/value</B> - This new system possesses some important features in blending real world and cyberspace activities. Visitors at exhibit sites can become more informed and captivated because the interactive guiding system enables them to share knowledge and commentary opinions with others who were, are or will be at the same exhibition. It also allows people to share with their cyberspace friends who may have no times or opportunities to visit the exhibition. Most importantly, the new system may immensely expand the number of potential visitors in ways to make the authors and their artworks rapidly recognized. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Hsien-Tang Lin, Lawrence W. Lan) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Integrating Web 2.0 into an academic library in Tanzania http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107851&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This paper demonstrates work undertaken by Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) Library in an effort to integrate web 2.0 technologies in its functions to enhance the quality of its services in Tanzania<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The study conducted an exploratory questionnaire survey to assess user requirements among undergraduate medical students at MUHAS, developed library 2.0 services, conducted training and created awareness.<B>Findings</B> - The paper shows that web 2.0 technologies can be implemented effectively according to University goals, user’s needs, deployment of user friendly tools, and capacity building among librarians and users. Students positively supported the adoption of library 2.0 services at MUHAS. Library 2.0 services improved the quality of MUHAS library services, despite various challenges related to infrastructure, awareness, literacy, inadequate staff, security and ownership of web 2.0 services.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The study findings may not be widely replicated because this article is based on a case study of the integration of web 2.0 technologies into the library functions of MUHAS. This study did not examine the use of library 2.0 applications among library users (such as faculty and students) which could illuminate further the case study<B>Practical implications</B> - Most academic libraries in Africa have not yet adopted web 2.0 technologies to improve their services. The user preferences, technology adoption, and challenges faced from the present study can help other libraries to plan and integrate their library 2.0 technologies in their services.<B>Originality/value</B> - MUHAS library offers practical example of how web 2.0 services can be adopted to enhance the quality of academic library services in an African context. This paper is of significance to academic libraries that are still considering their options with regard to the application of web 2.0 technologies. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Edda Tandi Lwoga) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Design and Implementation of a Weighted Features Model for the Evaluation of Archival Websites: the Case of Spain http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107857&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of the present work was to design a comprehensive weighted features model for the specific evaluation of archival websites, and to apply it in practice to the particular population of Spain's web archives, ranking them in terms of quality based on the features they include. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The design of the weighted features model is based on two parameters: the weight assigned to each feature according to its relevance for information retrieval from archival websites, and the archival website's degree of compliance with that feature. <B>Findings</B> - The results of the practical application of the model to the case of Spanish Web archives showed that, contrary to prior expectation, factors which are intrinsic to the geographical Region of Spain that the archive belongs to, such as economic level or degree of commitment to specific archival legislation, do not directly influence its website's quality ranking. Instead, we conclude that the population of archival websites presents its own particular behaviour. <B>Originality/value</B> - There has been a general lack of research specific to the analysis of the features of archival websites. The present work represents a certain advance in this regard in its proposal of a comprehensive weighted model of indicators for the specific evaluation of archival websites. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (CRISTINA FABA PÉREZ, Isabel María Sanz Caballero) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Digitization initiatives and special libraries in India http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107845&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The study is designed to evaluate the objectives, priorities and criteria of digitization. It also analyzes the open access initiatives adopted by the special libraries in National Capital Region of India. The paper further examines the motivating factors of using digital resources. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Research paper is based on primary survey of librarians and users of special libraries. Weighted index has been used to analyze the factors of digitization while factor analysis is used to study the open access initiatives adopted by the libraries. <B>Findings</B> - Based on the primary goal of libraries i.e. to increase their global visibility and the ultimate purpose of such digital projects is to provide greater access to their collections to promote research activities. The paper summarizes that Increased Accessibility is the most preferred objective; Content Value is most preferred criteria for digitization. The paper further identifies factors that motivated users to use digital resources. <B>Practical implications</B> - The availability of digital literature not only helps the local users but provides access to their resources and thus increases the visibility of these libraries globally. The revelation of special libraries to undertake such ventures is not only helpful to establish better information availability and visibility but also to maximize its value and worthiness.<B>Originality/value</B> - Most existing studies remain on the level of collecting data and interpreting specific cases on digital conversion but this paper not only interprets the reasons of digitization but also investigates reasons of user needs by factorizing them. This paper examines the objectives, criteria and prioritization of material for digitization. It further identifies the factors motivating users to access these digital resources. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Shampa Paul, Sashi Singh) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Success Factors of Inter-organizational Knowledge Sharing: A Proposed Framework http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107858&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The dynamism of new economy requires information professionals not only to create knowledge quickly but also to acquire and apply knowledge through knowledge sharing (KS). So, determining factors that may influence knowledge sharing within an organization or among organizations has become an important area of research. This paper aims to review determinant factors influencing inter- and intra organizational knowledge sharing in order to offer a framework.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The present paper proceeds in three phases. In the first phase, the published literature on knowledge sharing has been reviewed extensively with consideration of their empirical applications. Next, based on the understanding gained from the previous stage, a conceptual framework of successful factors for effective inter-organizational knowledge sharing has been proposed. In the third phase, the proposed framework has been developed and finalized towards its maturity. <B>Findings</B> - Based on the literature, we have developed a framework for understanding factors which influence inter-organizational knowledge sharing. Knowledge sharing among organizations appears theoretically sound, but it is a difficult task due to some complexities. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - This paper attempts to set a theoretical framework for inter-organizational knowledge sharing as a foundation to address the gap in current literature though it does not claim to be comprehensive.<B>Originality/value</B> - A few attempts have been made to investigate success factors for inter-organizational knowledge sharing empirically or even theoretically, but this is the first of its kind that provides a theoretical framework to arrange success factors for the knowledge sharing based on inter-organizational collaborations. It serves as a useful starting point for those interested in knowledge management (KM). So it can serve as a roadmap of significant knowledge sharing research for researchers, designers and managers considering their options for fostering KM. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Fatemeh Nooshinfard, Leila Nemati-Anaraki) Wed, 26 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Adoption of Web 2.0 in academic libraries of top African universities http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0264-0473&volume=32&issue=2&articleid=17107852&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This study aims to explore the extent of Web 2.0 adoption by libraries of top universities in Africa. It focuses on identifying the extent of utilization, types of Web 2.0 technologies adopted and how these technologies are used.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The content analysis method was used. Data was collected by analyzing library websites of 82 top universities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Also, a combination of literature review and document analysis was applied.<B>Findings</B> - About half of the libraries in the study adopted one or more Web 2.0 applications. Social networks were the most widely adopted while social bookmarking and tagging were the least used applications. Web 2.0 utilization in African academic libraries was still in early stages. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - This study is mainly based on analysis of library websites. Web 2.0 platforms that were pass-word protected and accessible through Intranet were not studied. Therefore, studies that are based on feedback of librarians and patrons are warranted to further investigate Web 2.0 utilization in African libraries. <B>Practical implications</B> - Web 2.0 plays a key role in facilitating information sharing, collaboration, and communication between librarians and patrons, and among librarians. It is essential for African libraries to integrate these technologies into library services to enhance the quality of services. <B>Originality/value</B> - This is likely the first study about Web 2.0 applications in African academic libraries. It is a useful source for implementing web-based technologies in libraries. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Kebede H. Wordofa) Tue, 01 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100