Emerald | Journal of Managerial Psychology | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0268-3946.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Journal of Managerial Psychology Journal en-gb Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Journal of Managerial Psychology | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/jmpcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0268-3946.htm 120 157 Gender Role Beliefs and Fathers’ Work-Family Conflict http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116876&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of this study was to investigate the part that gender roles play in fathers' work-family experiences. We compared two models (gender role as a correlate and as a moderator) and hypothesized that gender role beliefs play an important factor related to fathers’ experiences of work-family conflict. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Participants completed an online survey that consisted of questions related to work and family experiences. The final sample consisted of 264 employed, married fathers. <B>Findings</B> - Results showed a relationship between traditional gender role beliefs and number of hours spent at work and at home. Additionally, number of work hours was related to time-based work-to-family conflict, but not strain-based work-to-family conflict. The results supported the expectation that work hours mediate the relationship between a father’s traditional gender role beliefs and time-based work-to-family conflict. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Limitations of this study include the use cross-sectional and self-report data. Future research might want to expand the theoretical model to be more inclusive of fathers of more diverse demographic backgrounds, and assess the model with a longitudinal design. <B>Practical implications</B> - A key theoretical implication gleaned from the study is that work-family researchers should include the socially constructed variable of gender roles in their work-family research. Findings provide support for the contention that organizations need to ensure that mothers’ and fathers’ unique needs are being met through family-friendly programs. We provide suggestions for specific workplace strategies. <B>Originality/value</B> - This is one of the first studies that focused on fathers’ experiences of the work-family interface. The results clarify that traditional gender role beliefs give rise to fathers’ gendered behaviors and ultimately work-family conflict. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Ann Huffman, Kristine J. Olson, Thomas C. O'Gara, Eden B. King) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 The emotional dimensions of metaphors of change http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116901&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Participants in organizational change use metaphors in discourse as a means of sensemaking, since they provide insight into ways of thinking and feeling about organizational change that are not as easily or as graphically captured by more conventional language. Although change is often emotional the affective elements of metaphors of change have been under-studied. Thus the purpose of this article is to examine the emotional content of metaphors that participants use to describe their experiences in various change contexts.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Twenty-four people in different industries, organizations, functional departments and hierarchical levels were interviewed on their experiences of change and their affective reactions. Evidence was sought of the use of metaphors to portray emotional responses.<B>Findings</B> - Participants used many metaphors of which the most prevalent were those relating to the rollercoaster and grief cycle. Other categories emerged from the meanings that underlay the metaphors and revealed a spectrum of emotions experienced during change.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - As figures of speech it is axiomatic that metaphors cannot be taken literally. Further research needs to discover what actors believe their metaphors mean and to take account of cultural differences.<B>Practical implications</B> - Exploring the emotional meanings embedded in metaphors used by change actors will enable managers to create effective messages and to understand others' responses to change.<B>Originality/value</B> - Since most empirical articles on affective metaphors of change investigate single organizations or industries, this article contributes to the literature by reporting on change experiences in different organizational contexts and by identifying categories of metaphorical expressions. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Roy K Smollan) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Dispositional correlates of perceived work entitlement http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116797&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Drawing on an equity theory framework, the purpose of this paper is to examine the degree to which dispositional correlates – Machiavellianism and Protestant work ethic - predict perceived work entitlement in employed persons.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - In two independent samples (n = 270 and n = 214), currently employed participants completed self-report surveys. Multiple regression analyses were used to test the hypotheses and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to assess common method variance and provide evidence of construct validity. <B>Findings</B> - In Study 1, a general measure of Machiavellianism was positively related to perceived work entitlement, but Protestant work ethic was not significantly related to the criterion. In Study 2, three sub-scales of Machiavellianism, as well as a different measure of the Protestant work ethic, were positively related to perceived work entitlement. However, the fourth sub-scale of Machiavellianism was negatively related and therefore in the opposite direction of that which was hypothesized.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The primary limitations of the research are the cross-sectional research design and minor risk of common method bias. However, numerous a priori and post hoc procedures were incorporated in an attempt to minimize this risk.<B>Practical implications</B> - Managers need to understand how certain dispositional factors influence the degree to which employees perceive that they are entitled to rewards that at times are inconsistent with their contribution to the organization.<B>Originality/value</B> - This paper is one of the first to examine relevant dispositional correlates of perceived work entitlement, which is a construct developed from equity theory. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Brian K Miller, Robert Konopaske) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Signaling the Importance of Training http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116810&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - In this study of 815 military personnel, we examined how perceived leader behaviors are related to trainee perceptions of leader training priorities and to trainee priority for training, and whether trainee motivation to transfer of training moderated the relationship between trainee perceptions and trainee priority for training. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Participants who were experienced job incumbents responded to a survey related to foreign language usage, training, and policy. <B>Findings</B> - When leaders showed support for training through their actions, trainees were more likely to perceive their leaders as placing a higher priority on training. Leader behaviors predicted trainee priority to train, because trainees believed their leaders set a higher priority for training. The leader behaviors that were important for trainees’ priority to train were discretionary behaviors, not those leader behaviors mandated by the organization. Trainee perceptions of leader priority were more positively predictive of trainees’ priority to train for trainees with less motivation to transfer of training. <B>Originality/value</B> - Supervisor support is an important predictor of training outcomes. We expand this literature by focusing on the signals that leaders send to their subordinates regarding training priority. Leaders who exhibited discretionary behaviors in support of training appeared to create an environment in which trainees placed greater importance on training. Organizations need to be aware that mandating training activities might not be as important as encouraging leaders to place value on discretionary activities. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Annette Towler, Aaron Watson, Eric Surface) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Romance of Leadership and motivation to lead http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116887&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Purpose. There is a growing interest in understanding the motivational processes explaining the emergence of leadership. This study examines the relationship between Romance of Leadership, that is the over-attribution of responsibility for performance to leaders, and motivation to lead as well as moderation effects of self-efficacy and personal initiative.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Data were collected using a questionnaire design. The sample consisted of N = 1,348 participants at different career stages (students and employees). Structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypotheses.<B>Findings</B> - Individuals high in Romance of Leadership tend to be more motivated to lead. The results also support the assumed moderating effects. This relationship is stronger for individuals high in self-efficacy and high in personal initiative. This was particularly true for our student sample.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Due to the cross sectional design causal inferences are limited. The findings contribute to a better understanding of the socio-cognitive processes that influence motivation to lead at different career stages and shed new light on the outcomes of Romance of Leadership.<B>Practical implications</B> - Our research can help career counselors, coaches, and HR managers to better understand socio-cognitive processes underlying motivation to lead of different groups and therefore improve the quality of advice to their clients. <B>Originality/value</B> - This is, to our knowledge, the first study to investigate the effect of Romance of Leadership on motivation to lead. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (jörg felfe, Birgit Schyns) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Media Richness and Information Acquisition in Internet Recruitment http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116840&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Rich, interactive media are becoming extremely common in Internet recruitment systems. We investigate the role of media richness in applicants’ ability to learn information relevant to making an application decision. We examine these relationships in the context of two competing theories, namely media richness theory and cognitive load theory, which predict opposite relationships with information acquisition. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Participants (N=471) either viewed a traditional web site or visited an interactive virtual world that contained information about an organization’s culture, benefits, location, and job openings. Culture information was manipulated to either portray a highly teams-oriented culture or a highly individual-oriented culture.<B>Findings</B> - Participants who viewed the low-richness site recalled more factual information about the organization; this effect was mediated by subjective mental workload. Richness was not related to differences in culture-related information acquisition. <B>Practical implications</B> - These findings suggest that richer media (such as interactive virtual environments) may not be as effective as less rich media in conveying information. Specifically, the interactive elements may detract focus away from the information an organization wishes to portray. This may lead to wasted time on the part of applicants and organizations in the form of under- or over-qualified applications or a failure to follow instructions.<B>Originality/value</B> - This study is among the first to use a cognitive load theory framework to suggest that richer media may not always achieve their desired effect. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Jessica M Badger, Samuel E Kaminsky, Tara S Behrend) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Daily Deliberative Dissonance Acting among Police Officers http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=7&articleid=17116889&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This study aims to gain insight into the relationships of daily deliberative dissonance acting (DDA) with daily strain and daily work engagement. DDA refers to the deliberate acting of emotions to achieve one’s work goals. We hypothesized that daily DDA would be positively related to strain through feelings of emotional dissonance. In addition, we predicted that DDA would be positively related to daily work engagement via job accomplishment.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - We applied a five-day quantitative diary design with two measurement occasions per day using a sample of 54 police officers (i.e., 270 measurement occasions). In the multilevel analyses, we controlled for previous levels of the dependent variables in order to analyse change.<B>Findings</B> - Multilevel analyses revealed that police officers deliberatively engaged in emotional labor with both detrimental and beneficial consequences, as assessed via their daily reports of strain and work engagement.<B>Practical implications</B> - The results suggest that acting emotions is not inherently harmful, but may also be beneficial for job accomplishment, which fosters work engagement. The training of police officers and possibly other service employees should include the topic of DDA as a form of emotional labor and its consequences for psychological well-being. <B>Originality/value</B> - The present study showed that police officers engage in deliberate dissonance acting. We showed how this emotion regulation technique is related to strain and engagement – on a daily basis. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Benjamin van Gelderen, Arnold B. Bakker, Elly Konijn, Carmen Binnewies) Tue, 02 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0100