Emerald | Journal of Managerial Psychology | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0268-3946.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Journal of Managerial Psychology Journal en-gb Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Journal of Managerial Psychology | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/jmpcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0268-3946.htm 120 157 Introduction to Hispanic and Latin American Work Issues http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115140&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Not available. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Donna Blancero, Miguel R. Olivas-Luján, Dianna L. Stone) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Research on Hispanics Benefits the Field of Management http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115139&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The articles published in this special issue demonstrate that the field of management can make important contributions to our knowledge about Hispanics and Latin Americans (HLAs) in the workplace. This article offers an alternative yet complementary perspective that conducting research on HLAs will make important contributions to the field of management.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Conceptual article. <B>Findings</B> - Research on HLAs provides opportunities to develop and use innovative research design and measurement approaches (including qualitative and hybrid methods), leads to innovative solutions and protocols for addressing ethical challenges and Institutional Review Board regulations, and creates opportunities to access large secondary data bases, sources of data collection, and research funding.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Additional research is needed to realize the benefits that result from conducting research on HLAs in the workplace.<B>Practical implications</B> - Because research on HLAs involves designing studies with an end in mind, results will lead to actionable knowledge that will help bridge the science-practice gap.<B>Originality/value</B> - Our alternative perspective that conducting research on HLAs will benefit the field of management is not meant to compete with but, rather, complement contributions of the other articles published in this special issue. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Herman Aguinis, Harry Joo) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Perceptions and Behaviors of Hispanic Workers: A Review http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115145&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This literature review summarizes research about Hispanic workers in the U.S. and identifies directions for future research.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - We identify, analyze, and summarize 112 peer reviewed publications that deal with Hispanic workers in the U.S. <B>Findings</B> - The findings are grouped into major categories that deal with prejudice, discrimination, and diversity; job-related attitudes and behaviors; job search and careers; the interface with gender, sexual harassment and work/family issues. We report the 53 most prevalent and well-supported findings.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Given the paucity of research about Hispanics in the workplace, the conclusions derived from this literature review should be interpreted with caution.<B>Originality/value</B> - A literature review of Hispanic workers in the U.S. has not been conducted to date. This review sets identifies the need for several areas of research in relation to Hispanic workers in the U.S. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Laura Guerrero, Richard A. Posthuma) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 ¿Están hablando de mí?: Challenges for multilingual organizations http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115154&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Drawing on social categorization, relational demography, and faultline theories, this paper examines interpersonal relationships between Hispanic American, European American, African American, and Asian American coworkers in relation to language use in the workplace (English or Spanish).<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Employed adults (N=97) participated in one of four racioethnic-specific focus groups (Hispanic American, European American, African American, and Asian American) at each of four worksites in order to assess their reactions to working in a linguistically diverse environment. Interviews with onsite management and human resource directors were also conducted. <B>Findings</B> - Language issues created noticeable faultlines between English and Spanish speakers. Six themes representing issues for multilingual organizations emerged: Inclusion vs. Exclusion, Assimilation vs. Ingroup Identification, Essential Communications, Composition Issues, Utility of Speaking English, and Negative Affective Responses.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Results highlight the difficulties inherent in working in multilingual groups and the challenges they present for organizations. Results also suggest the importance of group composition in the development of language issues. <B>Originality/value</B> - This paper is among the first to present insight into the experiences of workers in linguistically diverse workplaces, and the barriers presented by language differences. As the number of Hispanics in the U.S. workforce continues to increase, maintaining effective relationships between Spanish and English speakers at work becomes especially important for organizational success. Suggestions for managing a multilingual workforce are included. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Lynn R. Offermann, Kenneth Matos, Sumona Basu DeGraaf) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Latino Alzheimer's caregivers: What is important to them? http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115116&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The paper aims to describe the perception and psychosocial impact of caregiving for Latino family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD) and compare them to non-Hispanic white caregivers. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The paper opted for a survey design using the Screen for Caregiver Burden, Perceived Stress Scale, Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey, Symptom Questionnaire, Center for Epidemiologic depression (CES-D), Sense of Coherence, Coping Resources Inventory (CRI), and the Personal resource Questionnaire (PRQ-85). A total of 202 participants with 53 Latino caregivers (majority were Mexican Americans) and 149 non Hispanic white caregivers also completed an in-depth qualitative interview describing their experience as caregivers.<B>Findings</B> - Latino caregivers, as compared to non-Hispanic white caregivers, have higher subjective and objective caregiver burden and lower general health, social function, and physical function. They also reported higher levels of bodily pain and somatic symptoms. Caregivers experience a great deal of stress that can adversely affect their emotional and physical well-being. Latino cultural values influence the meaning ascribed to caregiving and how caregivers attempt to balance a perceived duty to family. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The sample was a convenience sample of caregivers responding to an invitation to participate. The Latino sample included primarily caregivers of Mexican-American descent and represented Latinos living in the South West section of the United States. Future research needs to include Latinos of diverse nationalities. <B>Practical implications</B> - The paper points out crucial differences between non-Hispanic white and Latino caregivers. Understanding how Latino cultural values influence how Latinos perform and feel about caregiving duties may facilitate support for caregivers. <B>Originality/value</B> - This paper fulfills an identified need to study Latino caregiving. Two bilingual and bicultural researchers were part of the research team facilitating the collection and analysis of qualitative data. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Lyda Consuelo Arevalo-Flechas, Gayle J. Acton, Monica Escamilla, Peter N. Bonner, Sharon L. Lewis) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Factors Relating to Wellbeing of Foreign-Born Hispanic Workers http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115128&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The study seeks to examine stressor-strain relationships that play a role in foreign-born Hispanic workers’ well-being and family-to-work facilitation as a moderator in this relationship. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - We used a unique sample of foreign-born Hispanic workers employed in blue-labor jobs in Texas (N = 163). <B>Findings</B> - Consistent with our theoretical assertions, we found support for the negative relationship between legal status concern and Hispanic workers’ psychological and perceived physical health. Further, family-to-work facilitation attenuated the negative consequences of lack of English language proficiency on psychological well-being. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Both organizations and Hispanic workers can benefit from the results of the study. Hispanic immigrants can enhance their well-being by relying more on their families and seeking more support from their friends and families when dealing with immigration-related stressors. Organizations and policymakers can improve Hispanic workers’ well-being by educating them about immigration-related issues and by offering help with mastering English language.<B>Originality/value</B> - We studied psychological and physical well-being of a population that is generally underrepresented in the literature – foreign-born Hispanic immigrant employees. We also examined what employers can do to improve the work experience of these workers. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Aleksandra Luksyte, Christiane Spitzmueller, Carolina Yolanda Rivera-Minaya) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Work-family conflict and synergy among Hispanics http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115104&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Hispanics represent a growing segment of the US population and workforce, yet there is a lack of empirical research on Hispanics in relation to work-family conflict and synergy. Drawing on work-family and Job Demands-Resources theories, we model predictors (autonomy, schedule flexibility, social support, work hours) and outcomes (health and satisfaction) of work-family variables among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - This quantitative study examined responses from respondents (N=2988) of the 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVAs, and structural equation models (SEM). We focused primarily on Hispanics and also examined gender differences for Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites.<B>Findings</B> - Hispanic women reported the highest work-family conflict (WIF and FIW) and synergy (WFS) levels. Job resources are related to WIF for Hispanic women but not Hispanic men. Autonomy was the best predictor of WFS for all groups. Coping mediated the depression-life satisfaction relationship. WIF and WFS were each significantly related to job satisfaction. Job satisfaction and life satisfaction were significantly related for all groups except Hispanic women. Job satisfaction-turnover paths were significant. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Although based on a high-quality national probability sample, all information was gathered from one extensive interview. There is also a need to examine subgroups of Hispanics beyond the scope of this dataset. <B>Practical implications</B> - Results suggest similarities as well as differences in work-family variables for Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. Corporate work-family policies and initiatives may need to be altered in light of ethnicity and gender issues as the workforce becomes more diverse. <B>Originality/value</B> - This study examined work-family conflict and synergy among Hispanics. The predominance of research on non-Hispanic Whites needed to be extended to different racial/ethnic groups who may experience WIF, FIW, and WFS differently. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Nicholas J. Beutell, Joy A. Schneer) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Cross-Cultural Correlates of Career and Parental Role Commitment http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115142&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This study examines the relationship between country of birth or ethnicity (cultural proxies) and career and parental role commitment, and whether or not that relationship is mediated by two psychological dimensions known to differ across Mexican and U.S. cultures. These mediators are family achievement orientation and gender role orientation.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Data were collected from 372 working female students at community colleges in the U.S. and Mexico. The survey focused on career and parental role commitment, family achievement orientation, and gender role attitudes. <B>Findings</B> - Both country of birth and ethnicity predict career and parental role commitment. Females born in Mexico and Hispanics have higher career role commitment and lower parental role commitment than females born in the U.S. and non-Hispanic whites. Family achievement orientation and gender role attitudes partially mediate these relationships. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Cross-cultural research of work and family issues needs to incorporate psychological dimensions in accounting for country/ethnic differences.<B>Practical implications</B> - Employees’ cultural backgrounds should be considered in designing programs to support family and work balance. <B>Originality/value</B> - This study addresses a stated need in the work/life literature for research that addresses cross-cultural differences, and research in the cross-cultural research that calls for the inclusion of psychological dimension mediators between culture and the variables of interest. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Lu Zhang, Mary Gowan, Melanie Treviño) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Individual Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship in Hispanics http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0268-3946&volume=29&issue=6&articleid=17115094&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Although there has been considerable research on entrepreneurship (Rauch & Frese, 2000), there has been limited research on Hispanic entrepreneurs (e.g., Peterson, 1995; Shinnar & Young, 2008; Zarrugh, 2007), and much of the literature has been atheoretical or fragmented. Therefore, this article uses an existing model of entrepreneurship (Baron & Henry, 2011) to understand and explain the factors related to the behaviors of Hispanic entrepreneurs. It also considers the literature on Hispanic entrepreneurs relevant to each stage in the model, and presents testable hypotheses to guide future research on the issue. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - In order to uncover the research on Hispanic entrepreneurs several data bases were searched including ABI Inform, PsyArticles, and ProQuest. In addition, a review of key entrepreneurship and Hispanic journals (e.g., Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science) was conducted. Relevant papers from 1980 to date were included.<B>Findings</B> - Significant research on ethnic entrepreneurship has been conducted, especially on the personal characteristics of entrepreneurs. The extant literature, however, has been primarily atheoretical and lacks empirical evidence to support a consensus regarding the findings. We provide a model to guide research on Hispanic entrepreneurs.<B>Practical implications</B> - Research revealed that Hispanics may be more likely to start new businesses, but also more likely to fail than Anglos (Sullivan, 2007). As a result, this article highlights the potential obstacles affecting the behavior of Hispanic entrepreneurs, and considers a number of practical implications for enhancing their success rates. <B>Originality/value</B> - We believe that this article adds value to the literature because it uses a theoretical model to explain the factors thought to affect the behavior of Hispanic entrepreneurs. Also, it identifies a number of avenues for future research on the topic. Even though there has been some research on Hispanic entrepreneurs, we believe that the current framework will identify the key gaps in the literature and foster additional research. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Julio C. Canedo, Dianna L. Stone, Stephanie Black, Kimberly Lukaszewski) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100