Emerald | American Journal of Police | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0735-8547.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of American Journal of Police Journal en-gb Sun, 01 Dec 1996 00:00:00 +0000 1996 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | American Journal of Police | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/ajpcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0735-8547.htm 120 157 Crime, criminals and guns in “natural settings”: exploring the basis for disarming federal rangers http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0735-8547&volume=15&issue=4&articleid=872175&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/07358549610151799 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Reports from within a larger study of crime and enforcement in forests and parks, this field study having taken place in western USA over a 24-month period. Interviews Forest Service Law Enforcement Officers (LEOs) about their career history, the enforcement system and related issues - notably weapons events. Finds that LEOs are not heavy-handed and that the types of crime encountered give valid reasons for their carriage of firearms. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Michael R. Pendleton) Sun, 01 Dec 1996 00:00:00 +0000 Contributory factors affecting arrest in domestic and non-domestic assaults http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0735-8547&volume=15&issue=4&articleid=872176&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/07358549610151807 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Provides empirical evidence for the first time to suggest that police officers are less apt to arrest in domestic violence cases when directly comparing officers’ responses in domestic and non-domestic assaults. Uses a sample of 92,000 police reports in a small midwestern police department of the USA. Supports the premise of disparate treatment for domestic assaults. Finds that injuries were equally likely in domestic and non-domestic assaults; that the impact of weapons is limited. Calls for further research to clarify these issues, e.g., to re-examine officers’definitions of injuries and weapons. Supports findings that officers are more apt to arrest when a victim requests this. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Helen M. Eigenberg, Kathryn E. Scarborough, Victor E. Kappeler) Sun, 01 Dec 1996 00:00:00 +0000 To pursue or not pursue? That is the question: modeling police vehicular pursuits http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0735-8547&volume=15&issue=4&articleid=872177&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/07358549610151816 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Studies incident-level pursuit data collected by a large metropolitan police department in the USA over the past decade. Demonstrates that accidents are the outcome of about one-third of pursuits. Urges that pursuit police should continue to evaluate a pursuit that proceeds into another jurisdiction. Finds that pursuits over borders are more likely to result in an accident; that training may be the most important preventative measure; that accidents are more probable when there is more than one police unit and the pursuit is on a non-express roadway. Supports past evidence that speed is not a probable indicator of accidents. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Jeffrey D. Senese, Thomas Lucadamo) Sun, 01 Dec 1996 00:00:00 +0000 Emergency response and pursuit issues in Alabama http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0735-8547&volume=15&issue=4&articleid=872178&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/07358549610151825 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Examines a questionnaire returned by 188 Alabama police and sheriffs’ departments with regard to pursuit issues. Considers variables such as department size, current policy, officer judgment, forcible stop techniques and training. Finds that 80 per cent of these departments had an emergency response policy. Clearly shows that a majority of the respondents think their department’s policy is somewhat restrictive. Cautions that policy may not always be followed in practice. Finds that there is a comprehensive effort to promote safety for officers and all involved, notably in the fact that only 44 per cent of the responding departments allow the use of forcible stop techniques. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Keller Mark McGue, Tom Barker) Sun, 01 Dec 1996 00:00:00 +0000 An analysis of the rates of injury and fatal accidents in Michigan State police pursuits: a Michigan emergency response study http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0735-8547&volume=15&issue=4&articleid=872179&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/07358549610151834 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Compares accident injuries and fatalities occurring during a one-year Michigan emergency response study (MERS) with figures for the state’s general population accidents over three and five years. Finds that significantly higher rates of accidents occur in pursuits than in the general population or in police non-pursuit experience but that the MERS fatal accident rate was not significantly higher than in the general population. Suggests that this is partly explained by officers having the advantage of defensive driving training and by a Hawthorne effect; also alcohol consumption is a common factor in general accidents. Points out that non-fatal injuries were significantly higher than comparable groups. Advocates the establishment of a database built on a mandatory police pursuit reporting system. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Dennis M. Payne, John Charles Fenske) Sun, 01 Dec 1996 00:00:00 +0000