Emerald | International Journal of Public Sector Management | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0951-3558.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of International Journal of Public Sector Management Journal en-gb Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | International Journal of Public Sector Management | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/ijpsmcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0951-3558.htm 120 157 Administrative reforms and performance of local public policies http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0951-3558&volume=27&issue=6&articleid=17115545&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The paper aims to clarify the relationship between administrative reform in Portugal and the impacts on the dependence of local governments in the face of budgetary resources of state and local municipal revenue collection, which is understood as a form, among others, participation civil society in local public policies.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The study opts for an exploratory analysis using the grounded theory approach, including the use of data relating to local government structures and partnerships with the private sector, based on the main lines of the Public Administration Reform. The data were supplemented by documentary analysis, including legislative documents and articles in specialized area of administrative decentralization and civil society participation in local public policies.<B>Findings</B> - The paper provides empirical insights about how the increased participation of civil society in local public policies is associated with less reliance on state budgets and a greater number of local managerial structures.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Due to the chosen research approach, the results cannot be generalized. An comparative study between several countries could bring several interesting insights.<B>Practical implications</B> - The paper includes implications for economic and social development of new public policies in the context of administrative reforms.<B>Originality/value</B> - This paper makes several theoretical and empirical contributions on this research field specially about local public manager's decisions for financial resources transfers within the active policy of sustainable local development. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Helena Santos Curto, Álvaro Dias) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Controlling Overhead in Public Sector Organizations http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0951-3558&volume=27&issue=6&articleid=17115547&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Exploration of various mechanisms for controlling overhead, as informed by a framework based on transaction-cost-economics<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Development of framework for controlling overhead and field study about Dutch public sector organizations for exploring and enriching this framework <B>Findings</B> - Central steering with a provider-user interface was often seen as the most desirable control mechanism. Although central steering without such interface was used in about half of the overhead functions, their users argued that the priorities of these functions were insufficiently in line with their needs. There was little support for internal market control, because it would increase the administrative workload of internal calculations, and it could lead to undesirable differences in overhead use among the primary services departments. Moreover, line managers are often more focused service quality than costs <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The framework based on transaction-cost economics formed a suitable starting point for reflecting on the control of overhead functions, but the empirical findings pointed to revisions in the case of internal market control concerning resistance to administrative work load and avoidance of differences in the supply of internal services <B>Practical implications</B> - Inspiring public sector managers to reflect on the match between overhead control mechanisms and characteristics of overhead functions<B>Originality/value</B> - A theoretical underpinning and empirical exploration of a variety of overhead control mechanisms in the public sector Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (GJ Van Helden, Mark Huijben) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Out of sight, out of mind? Supplier spatial proximity in French public procurement http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0951-3558&volume=27&issue=6&articleid=17115533&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The paper studies the impact of spatial proximity on supplier selection in the French public sector. While French public procurement legislation forbids consideration of supplier location in the procurement process, public contractors may still rely on spatial proximity for complex transactions necessitating mutual adjustments with suppliers.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Using French Official Journals (BOAMP), we compiled 565,557 transactions completed on three public procurement markets between 6,182 contractors and 26,570 suppliers, over a period of six years (between 2006 and 2011). We conducted a two-level hierarchical linear auto-regression analysis and a feature evaluation analysis for all transactions.<B>Findings</B> - The paper finds significant variation between the transactions on different markets: a negative effect of spatial proximity on the number of contract notices in the public market and a positive effect of spatial proximity on the number of notices in the services and supplies markets. The difference lies in the levels of mutual adjustment required to optimally manage the relationship between public contractor and supplier.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The research is based on an econometric analysis conducted uniquely in the French context, which calls into question the external validity of the results obtained. The study also rests on segmentation into three aggregate markets, which might be considered too general.<B>Originality/value</B> - Rather than analyze public contractors’ perceptions of the importance of the criterion of spatial proximity, the paper examines 565,557 actual transactions. The results point to the emergence of a new type of relationship with certain suppliers, which should lead public contractors to integrate relationship management competencies, in addition to legal and economic competencies, in the organization of calls for tenders. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Olivier MAMAVI, Haithem NAGATI, Frederick T. WEHRLE, Gilles PACHE) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Public acceptance of different approaches to determine drug reimbursement prices and whether it is influenced by framing: an empirical evaluation in Germany http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0951-3558&volume=27&issue=6&articleid=17115551&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - In Germany, the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen, IQWiG) makes recommendations for reimbursement prices of drugs based on an evaluation of the relationship between incremental costs and effects. In 2009, the German government ("Koalitionsvertrag") announced its intention to evaluate the transparency and acceptability of IQWiG’s work. The goal of this study was to conduct a survey of a sample of the German population (i) to check the acceptance of the IQWiG’s decision rule compared to a decision rule used in countries such as England and Wales and (ii) to test if the way the IQWiG’s decision rule is presented affects its acceptance. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - A questionnaire was developed eliciting acceptability of IQWiG’s decision rule and a single cost-effectiveness threshold applying to all diseases (i.e., absolute rule (AR)). To check for a framing effect IQWiG’s decision rule was presented in two ways. One version presented it, based on IQWiG’s official publication, as a constant ratio between incremental costs and effects within a therapeutic area (proportional rule (PR), version 1). The other version presented it in terms of a proportional relationship between costs and effects within a therapeutic area (PR, version 2). Chi-square goodness of fit test and two-proportion z-test tested for differences between acceptance rates of decision rules. <B>Findings</B> - A sample of 108 persons from the general public (average age: 41 years, 48% male) filled out the questionnaire. Acceptance rates for AR, PR version 1, and PR version 2 were 33%, 48%, and 39%, respectively. Direct comparisons show that acceptance of PR version 1 was significantly higher than acceptance of AR (p = 0.026) and that there was a clear trend towards higher acceptance of PR version 1 compared to version 2 (p = 0.22). The difference between PR version 2 and AR was not significant (p = 0.32).<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - In our study, different presentations of the IQWiG decision rule did not significantly alter its acceptance, although there was a clear trend towards accepting IQWiG’s official version. Furthermore, the acceptance of the IQWiG’s official version was significantly higher than AR. Because of the relevance of the research question we recommend additional research for confirmation and explanation of the choices made. <B>Originality/value</B> - This is one of the few studies on the impact of framing on allocation preferences in health care. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Afschin Gandjour, Nadja Chernyak, Andrea Icks, Amiram Gafni) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 An emergent sectoral innovation system for healthcare services http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0951-3558&volume=27&issue=6&articleid=17115554&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of this paper is explore, through a case study, and using Pawson and Tilley’s notion of context-mechanism-outcome (CMO) configurations, how a sectoral innovation system for health technologies has developed.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The case study data was collected as part of a large study that looked at technology innovation and adoption in the UK’s National Health Service and was collected using an interpretive case study methodology. Primary data came from interviews and secondary data from published sources, including articles authored by members of the innovation team. <B>Findings</B> - The paper identifies three specific configurations of context, mechanism and outcome that were important in the case and discusses how these contribute to a broader understanding of a healthcare services sectoral innovation system.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Research conducted through a single case study is open to the criticism that its findings are not generalisable but it has offered an economical way of gaining a deep description of a situation and an understanding of the contextual factors affecting a phenomenon. The paper presents a refined model for understanding sectoral innovation systems that though primarily rooted within the healthcare care sector has potential for application in other sectors, especially those that encompass a significant public-sector component. <B>Practical implications</B> - The paper’s findings and conclusions have relevance to healthcare service innovation policy development. The findings will also be useful to professionals responsible for innovation projects and their support within the sector.<B>Originality/value</B> - The paper makes an important contribution to the understanding of a sectoral innovation system for healthcare services as well as refining a general model of sectoral innovation systems. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Clive Savory, Joyce Fortune) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Drivers of Personnel Satisfaction Towards Performance Information Usage – Findings from Finnish Municipalities http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0951-3558&volume=27&issue=6&articleid=17115550&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This study identifies the drivers of personnel satisfaction towards performance information usage in the local public administration context.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The study utilizes both quantitative and qualitative research approach. Data is gathered with a survey receiving 194 responses from the departments of 6 different municipalities that all belong to the group of largest municipalities in Finland. Regression and variance analysis, as well as analysis of open-ended comments are utilized. <B>Findings</B> - A key observation is that high maturity level of performance measurement or information systems do not guarantee personnel satisfaction. Three main perspectives are found to positively affect satisfaction: use of performance information in strategic planning, inter-administrative management with performance information and communication of measurement information. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Common limitations of survey studies apply. The quantitative data set could have been wider and it should be complemented with more qualitative data. Also the survey itself has limitations due to its generic nature. <B>Practical implications</B> - The results indicate that managerial purpose of measurement needs to be better clarified. Greatest need for development is found in utilizing performance information in resource sharing and in the analysis of current situation supportive to strategic planning.<B>Originality/value</B> - The efficient use of performance measurement is a commonly acknowledged challenge. Even though performance information usage has been increasingly studied, the focus has often been in separate managerial tasks. Wider approach towards performance measurement and management practices has gained less attention. This study is one of the first attempts to apply private-sector originating performance measurement maturity discussion in the public sector context. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Aki Jääskeläinen, Juho-Matias Roitto) Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100