Emerald | International Journal of Logistics Management, The | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0957-4093.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of International Journal of Logistics Management, The Journal en-gb Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | International Journal of Logistics Management, The | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/ijlmcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0957-4093.htm 120 157 Editorial http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108807&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br />Not available. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Andrew Potter, Seamus O'Reilly) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 On Uncertainty in Supply Chain Risk Management http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108805&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The concept of uncertainty is a relevant yet little understood area within supply chain risk management. Risk is often associated with uncertainty, but in reality uncertainty is a much more elaborate concept and deserves more in-depth scrutiny. To bridge this gap, this study proposes a conceptual framework for assessing the levels and nature of uncertainty in this context.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The aim of the study is to link established theories of uncertainty to the management of risk in supply chains, to gain a holistic understanding of its levels and nature. The proposed conceptual model concerns the role of certainty and uncertainty in this context. Illustrative examples show the applicability of the model.<B>Findings</B> - The study describes in detail a way of analysing the levels and nature of uncertainty in supply chains. Such analysis could provide crucial information enabling more efficient and effective implementation of supply chain risk management. <B>Practical implications</B> - The study enhances understanding of the nature of the uncertainties faced in supply chains. Thus it should be possible to improve existing measures and analyses of risk, which could increase the efficiency and effectiveness of supply chain and logistics management.<B>Originality/value</B> - The proposed conceptual framework of uncertainty types in the supply chain context is novel, and therefore could enhance understanding of uncertainty and risk in supply and logistics management and make it easier to categorise, as well as initiate further research in the field. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Jyri Vilko, Paavo Ritala, Jan Edelmann) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Remanufacturing in Asia: Location Choice and Outsourcing http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108800&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Remanufacturing is a process whereby value from old products is recovered by replacing and recovering used components to bring such products to a new or like-new state. Today, both Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and third parties are engaged in remanufacturing activities, investing in many locations throughout Asia. This paper examines the reasons for initiating remanufacturing activities as well as the location determinants for the remanufacturing sector in Asia. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - We conduct a multiple case study. Triangulation is applied to gain objective views from interviewing three OEMs, one logistics firm, and three local small enterprises. Real options theory is the theoretical lens used to examine the location choice of the OEMs.<B>Findings</B> - Firms engaged in remanufacturing tend to co-locate facilities with existing manufacturing facilities, and those investing in new sites for remanufacturing view the regulatory environment as the most important factor. OEMs tend to leverage on existing manufacturing facilities or third-party remanufacturers to reduce their cost of commitment when starting remanufacturing at new locations.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The sample size is still small for the generalization of the results. Further empirical study is needed to test the propositions from this paper.<B>Practical implications</B> - This paper could assist managers and decision makers in the multinational corporations to design appropriate logistics related solutions for remanufacturing in Asia.<B>Originality/value</B> - Our work contributes to the theory on remanufacturing location determinants. It shows that OEMs and third-party remanufacturers can have a collaborative relationship instead of the commonly assumed competitive one, which is currently not found in the literature. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Qing Lu, mark goh, Miti Garg, Robert De Souza) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Reducing national freight logistics costs risk in a high-oil-price environment: A South African case study http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108898&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - South Africa’s logistics cost measurement was expanded to include externality costs, and scenarios based on the key exogenous risks were developed to inform mitigation strategies<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The research approach is quantitative, based on a gravity-orientated freight flow model, a road transport cost model, actual transport costs for other modes, a warehousing cost survey, an inventory delay calculation (to inform warehousing cost calculations and inventory financing costs) and an externality cost calculation. <B>Findings</B> - Transport cost pressures are expected to deteriorate due to the increasingly negative outlook for the oil price and the internalisation of externality costs. The nature of these forces compels transport cost challenges to be addressed strategically through collaborative, industry-wide and even nationwide initiatives.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - Key limitations are inconsistent commodity classification schemes across information sources, and incomplete container content data. The researchers are collaborating with information providers to address these issues and refine model accuracy and forecasting. <B>Practical implications</B> - The exogenous risks strengthen the argument for new approaches to South Africa’s logistics cost challenges driven by the high densities of corridor freight flows.<B>Originality/value</B> - Major advancements to logistics cost modelling were made by incorporating externality costs and developing scenarios for risk mitigation. Freight flow data granularity (in excess of 1 million records) allows both aggregation to national-level intelligence to inform policies, large-scale infrastructure investments and industrial positioning, and disaggregation to enable practical application. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Jan Havenga, Zane Paul Simpson) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Examining CO2e reduction within the German logistics sector http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108831&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The paper assesses the extent to which the measures outlined in frameworks for guiding CO2e emissions reduction in road freight transport in the academic literature are actually being realised at a practical level. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - A qualitative evaluation is carried out of the transport-related CO2e measurement and reduction initiatives in the German logistics sector through ten case study logistics service providers. For each, senior managers are interviewed with the findings synthesized through content-analysis. The initiatives are evaluated against an accepted leading framework model used to categorise CO2e emissions reduction initiatives.<B>Findings</B> - The investigated firms, although at different evolutionary stages, understand that logistics and ecology do not, for the most part, contradict each other and both need to be considered in their companies’ long-term planning. The framework used to categorise CO2e emissions reduction initiatives in logistics provision is largely confirmed, but also refined.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The research reaffirms and refines frameworks developed to encourage and assess green logistics practice, in a specific country’s (Germany) logistics industry. <B>Practical implications</B> - The analysis shows strong evidence that the options identified in theory are also valid for the German logistics service provider companies that were investigated. Most of the participating companies apply many of the operational options to reduce the environmental impact, although no one company is pursuing all the possible initiatives. <B>Originality/value</B> - There is a lack of empirical studies which assess the application of Green Logistics initiatives identified in academic literature to practice. This paper contributes to filling this gap. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Jens Tacken, Vasco Sanchez Rodrigues, Robert Mason) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Relationships between quality of information sharing and supply chain food quality in the Australian beef processing industry http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108853&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This paper aims to analyse supply chain practices, and supply chain food quality performance indicator in the Australian beef processing industry.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - A conceptual model was developed to test how supply chain practices: strategic alliance, customer focus, information sharing, information quality, lean system and antecedent cooperative behavior: trust & commitment impact on food quality. A survey questionnaire to 600 Australian beef processors was conducted to collect the empirical data for testing of the formulated hypotheses. The stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to test the hypothesized relationships.<B>Findings</B> - Strategic alliance, information quality and trust & commitment are significantly related to food quality. In particular, the standardised coefficient shows that information quality has a significant positive relationship with food quality.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - As lean principles have been widely adopted in the red meat industry, strategic alliance becomes even critical for maintaining cost and operation effectiveness in the beef supply chain. A various approaches in terms of innovative technologies can improve information quality and promote information sharing in the beef supply chain. To build trust & commitment among supply chain partners requires perception of mutual long-term goals.<B>Practical implications</B> - Australian Meat Manufacturers face greater regulatory challenges and restraints (product labeling, food safety and Carbon Tax) over the next five years. Therefore, to tackle the challenges, the findings of this research have significant practical implications.<B>Originality/value</B> - This study intends to fill the research gap and explore how advanced supply chain systems have a potential to provide contributions to Australian beef processing industry performance. Vertical integration between livestock producers, meat processors, wholesalers and retailers provides the opportunities for greater economies of scale in production and distribution. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Ming Juan Ding, Ferry Jie, Kevin A Parton, Margaret J Matanda) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Inventory holding costs measurement: a multi-case study http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108822&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Logisticians in the worldwide industry are frequently faced with the problem of measuring the total cost of holding inventories with simple and easy-to-use methodologies. This work looks at this problem, and in particular illustrates the inventory holding cost rate computation, when different kind of warehousing systems are applied.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - A multiple case study analysis is here developed and supported by a methodological framework directly derived from the working group discussions and brainstorming activities. Two different field of application are considered: one related to 5 companies with manual warehousing systems operating with traditional fork lift trucks; the other is among 5 companies operating with Automated Storage/Retrieval Systems (AS/RS) to store inventories.<B>Findings</B> - The multi-case study helps to understand how the holding cost parameter is currently computed by industrial managers and how much the difference between manual and automated/automatic warehousing systems impacts on the inventory cost structure definition. The insights from the ten case studies provide evidence that the kind of storage system adopted inside the factory can impact on the holding cost rate computation and permit to derive important considerations. <B>Practical implications</B> - The final aim of this work is to help industrial engineers and logisticians in correctly understanding the inventory costs involved in their systems and their cost structure. In addition, the multi-case analysis leads to considerations, to be applied in different industrial contexts. As other industrial applications are identified, they may be analyzed by using the presented methodology, and with aid from the data from this paper.<B>Originality/value</B> - The relevance of this work is to help industrial engineers and logisticians in understanding correctly the inventory costs involved in their logistics systems and their cost structure. In addition, the multi-case analysis lead to interesting final considerations, easily to be applied in different industrial contexts. As other industrial applications are identified, they may be analyzed by using the methodology and extrapolating the data from this paper. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (anna azzi, Daria battini, maurizio Faccio, alessandro persona, Fabio Sgarbossa) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Machine scheduling with outsourcing: coping with supply chain uncertainty with a second supplying source http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108845&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of this paper is to study the use of outsourcing as a mechanism to cope with supply chain uncertainty, more specifically, how to deal with sudden arrival of higher priority jobs that require immediate processing, in an in-house manufacturer’s facility from the perspective of outsourcing. An operational level schedule of production and distribution of outsourced jobs to the manufacturer’s facility should be determined for the subcontractor in order to achieve overall optimality. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The problem is of bi-criteria in that both the transportation cost measured by number of delivery vehicles and schedule performance measured by jobs’ delivery times. In order to obtain the problem’s Pareto front, we propose Dynamic-Programming-heuristic solution procedure based on integrated decision making, and Population-heuristic solution procedures using different encoding schemes based on sequential decision-making. Computational studies are designed and carried out by randomly generating comparative variations of numerical problem instances. <B>Findings</B> - By comparing several existing performance metrics for the obtained Pareto fronts, it is found that Dynamic-Programming-heuristic outperforms Population-heuristic in both solutions diversity and proximity to optimal Pareto front. Also in Population-heuristic, sub-range keys representation appears to be a better encoding scheme for the problem than random keys representation. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - In this study, jobs’ sizes are measured by additive physical space and weight. However more practical two or three dimensional job size, and varied types of vehicles should be considered in the future. The effectiveness of the proposed methods also needs further verifications through practical data in the real world. <B>Practical implications</B> - Our study suggested that in a highly unstable and uncertain business world, outsourcing could serve as an effective tool for dealing with supply chain uncertainties related to customer orders. Collaborating with subcontractor on production operations and distribution operations can be a source of volume flexibility. However, the trade-off relationship between transportation cost and delivery times should be well balanced. <B>Originality/value</B> - This study contributes to the limited yet important knowledge body on using outsourcing approach to coping with possible supply chain disruptions in production scheduling due to sudden customer orders. More specifically, we used modeling methodology to confirm the importance of collaboration with subcontractors to effective supply chain risk management. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Feng Liu, Jian-Jun Wang, Haozhe Chen, De-Li Yang) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 The Road to Supply Chain Agility: An RBV Perspective on the Role of Logistics Capabilities http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108820&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The concept of supply chain agility has been identified as one of the most important issues in supply chain management literature. However, despite the popularity of the concept, many attributes of supply chain agility are largely unexplored. One area that is deficient in research is the antecedents of supply chain agility. This paper seeks to further theory development by addressing these gaps in the supply chain agility literature.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Data for this study were obtained from a field survey. A mail questionnaire was constructed that contained items measuring the constructs of interest. The theoretical model was evaluated using structural equation modeling.<B>Findings</B> - The findings indicate that logistics capabilities positively impact supply chain agility. The results provide empirical evidence for logistics’ unique and critical role in helping firms respond in a timely and effective manner to market volatility and other uncertainties. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - As is the case with most supply chain survey research, the constructs of interest were evaluated based on the perception of a single party involved in a specific relationship. Future research using multiple dyads or triads within various supply chains could address this limitation. <B>Practical implications</B> - If limited resources are available for investment (as is often the case), a more balanced distribution of resources towards the development of multiple logistics capabilities (e.g., demand-management interface, information-management interface) is preferred to pooling all the resources towards the development of a single capability (e.g., information-management interface).<B>Originality/value</B> - Considering logistics’ boundary-spanning nature, prior research suggest that logistics capabilities perform a key role in achieving supply chain agility. However, the relationship between firm-specific logistics capabilities and supply chain agility has not been empirically tested. This paper address that gap in the research. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (David M. Gligor, Mary Holcomb) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 A Longitudinal View of Supply Chain Education: Assessing the Challenge of Retaining Relevance in Today’s Dynamic Marketplace http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108821&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The Logistics and Supply Chain Management discipline has evolved dramatically over the past generation. The rapid pace of change has challenged education providers—e.g., universities, professional associations, and publications—to remain relevant to various stakeholders. Relying on an open systems design perspective, this paper assesses how well organizations use constrained resources (personnel, dollars, time, etc.) to meet customers’ educational needs.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - To examine how well educational providers are meeting stakeholder goals, universities, associations and publications are examined across time by multiple surveys to determine if they are keeping pace in the changing business world. <B>Findings</B> - We identify two gaps. First, stakeholders report a growing gap between the offerings of existing education providers and their educational needs. Second, the gap between academic and practitioner perceptions is growing. Importantly, some organizations and universities are doing a better job of responding to changing educational requirements. Finally, a shift to SCM is further complicating the educational process.<B>Originality/value</B> - This study makes two primary contributions. First, it identifies important changes in the logistics and supply chain education market. Second, it provides updated rankings of the perceptions of academics and practitioners regarding three education providers: professional organizations, universities, and publications. This insight enables logistics and supply chain thought leaders to evaluate how they can enhance education resources and thus remain relevant in a rapidly changing and increasingly tumultuous marketplace. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Stanley E Fawcett, Stephen Rutner) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Examining the Role of Stakeholder Pressure and Knowledge Management on Supply Chain Risk and Demand Responsiveness http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0957-4093&volume=25&issue=1&articleid=17108792&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of our paper is to contribute to the supply chain risk management literature by examining how stakeholders place pressure on the firm to engage in risk management activities. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - This paper utilizes a survey approach to test the nomological model. Our analysis was carried out using structural equation modeling techniques.<B>Findings</B> - Our results demonstrate that stakeholders place pressure on the firm to mitigate risk and that knowledge management and joint planning activities with suppliers serve as mediating roles in our model. Our process-oriented model reveals that these factors influence the firm’s ability to be responsive to customer demand. <B>Originality/value</B> - Our research represents one of the first papers to empirically test how stakeholder theory and knowledge management contributes to risk mitigation activities. Additionally, we show the impact of knowledge management factors on risk mitigation activities. Our paper attempts to explain from both a theoretical and empirical perspective how and why firms are engaging in risk mitigation activities and how the impacts demand responsiveness. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (David Cantor, Jennifer Blackhurst, Mengyang Pan, Mike Crum) Tue, 06 May 2014 00:00:00 +0100