Emerald | Journal of Advances in Management Research | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0972-7981.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Journal of Advances in Management Research Journal en-gb Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Journal of Advances in Management Research | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/jamrcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0972-7981.htm 120 157 Efficiency in the Indian iron and steel industry – an application of data envelopment analysis http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108309&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JAMR-01-2013-0005 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper applies to Indian steel manufacturing industries to evaluate the technical and scale efficiency (SE). <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – Data envelopment analysis (DEA) has been employed to calculate the relative efficiency of the steel manufacturing units. The selection criteria for the inclusion of a steel manufacturing unit in the analysis has been annual income of more than 50 crores and units manufacturing pig iron, steel and sponge iron. Within the DEA framework, the output-oriented model with constant returns to scale and variable returns to scale were studied. Four input variables, namely, gross fixed assets, total energy cost, total number of employees and currents assets were considered. Among the output variables, the four variables considered are income, sales, PBIT and PAT. <B>Findings</B> – The result of the efficiency scores have been categorized into three parts. The pure technical efficiency represents local efficiency and the reason of inefficiency is due to inefficient operations. Technical efficiency indicates that the respective decision-making units are globally efficient in case the efficiency is 100 per cent. The SE explains that the inefficiency is caused by disadvantageous conditions. As the result shows, that public sector undertaking (PSUs) are operating under disadvantageous conditions as compared to private manufacturing units. One of the possible reasons of location disadvantage condition is manufacturing units for PSUs are scattered throughout India. Some of the units are located in such places where, the raw material, supply chain could be difficult. It has been found that 45 per cent of the private manufacturing units are technically as well as scale inefficient units. <B>Practical implications</B> – The result of the study would benefit the steel industry to develop a performance benchmarking as steel companies must be profitable in the long term to ensure sustainable achievements. <B>Originality/value</B> – This is an original study to apply DEA to get insights on productivity efficiency of the steel manufacturing units in India. Though the manufacturing units were selected on the basis of annual income, the analysis of productivity does not reflect any impact of income on the efficiency of the manufacturing firms. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Roma Mitra Debnath, V.J. Sebastian) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Green supply chain management: Implementation and performance – a literature review and some issues http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108310&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JAMR-07-2012-0027 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to introduce and provide an overview of the various issues related to Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) and suggest further scope and direction of research in this emerging field. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The work relies on experiences, case studies and other literature related to GSCM. Literature has been segregated to understand various GSCM issues. A detailed review is used to sort out the literature and develop the research direction of the study. The review is focussed on development of GSCM including all those researchers which is relevant to environmental and social sustainability toward operation management and the supply chain. A literature review seems to be a valid approach, as a necessary step in structuring a research field. <B>Findings</B> – The objectives of this paper are to identify major research work conducted on GSCM and to classify them to identify gaps in literature and opportunities for future research. The paper has provided an integrative framework for study, design, implementation and GSCM performance. The findings also identify a number of issues that need to be addressed. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> – Implication of the work is that the knowledge of the research gap can be used to focus efforts on key areas so as to ensure speedy and comprehensive implementation of GSCM practices. <B>Practical implications</B> – The paper may prove to be a very useful source of information to practitioners and regulators in their green practices implementation programs. <B>Originality/value</B> – This paper provides some of the very first insights into development of GSCM theories. The methodological review will provide better understanding of the current state of research in the discipline. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Sunil Luthra, Dixit Garg, Abid Haleem) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 The use and misuse of structural equation modeling in management research: A review and critique http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108311&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JAMR-07-2013-0043 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The research practice in management research is dominantly based on structural equation modeling (SEM), but almost exclusively, and often misguidedly, on covariance-based SEM. The purpose of this paper is to question the current research myopia in management research, because the paper adumbrates theoretical foundations and guidance for the two SEM streams: covariance-based and variance-based SEM; and improves the conceptual knowledge by comparing the most important procedures and elements in the SEM study, using different theoretical criteria. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The study thoroughly analyzes, reviews and presents two streams using common methodological background. The conceptual framework discusses the two streams by analysis of theory, measurement model specification, sample and goodness-of-fit. <B>Findings</B> – The paper identifies and discusses the use and misuse of covariance-based and variance-based SEM utilizing common topics such as: first, theory (theory background, relation to theory and research orientation); second, measurement model specification (type of latent construct, type of study, reliability measures, etc.); third, sample (sample size and data distribution assumption); and fourth, goodness-of-fit (measurement of the model fit and residual co/variance). <B>Originality/value</B> – The paper questions the usefulness of Cronbach's <IT>a</IT> research paradigm and discusses alternatives that are well established in social science, but not well known in the management research community. The author presents short research illustration in which analyzes the four recently published papers using common methodological background. The paper concludes with discussion of some open questions in management research practice that remain under-investigated and unutilized. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Nebojsa S. Davcik) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Reliability and validity of new product development practices in Indian manufacturing industries http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108312&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JAMR-09-2012-0043 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to conduct an empirical investigation on the new product development (NPD) practices in Indian manufacturing industries. The NPD best practices constructs are identified from the literature and then an effort have been made to statistically establish the underlying principal components of NPD practices by checking their reliability and validity for the case of Indian manufacturing industry. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – In all, 96 NPD best practices constructs are identified from literature articles published between 1998 and 2009. Principal component analysis (PCA) is conducted to establish the seven components of NPD practices. Cronbach's <IT>a</IT> values are computed to measure internal consistency or reliability of the established components of NPD practices. Further, confirmatory factor analysis is conducted on the established measurement model to test a hypothesized factor structure through construct validity, convergent validity and divergent validity. <B>Findings</B> – The PCA of NPD best practices identified the seven underlying components (latent variables) namely “NPD strategy,” “NPD support system,” “product portfolio management,” “NPD team,” “NPD tools,” “product launch” and “concept generation.” In NPD strategy, Indian manufacturing companies are highly inclined toward cost reduction, cycle time reduction, competitive advantage and fast follower strategies. All NPD support system constructs are information technology dependent tools which require hardware, software and databases to support it. Indian manufacturing organizations are fundamentally concentrating on right balance of portfolio through improvements in the current products, cost reduction and additions to existing lines by using modular architectures and the reliable and valid NPD tools are FMEA, six sigma/quality management, DFMA/DF’X and QFD. <B>Originality/value</B> – To the best of the author's knowledge, this research represents the first attempt to investigate empirically the NPD practices in Indian manufacturing industry. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Kalluri Vinayak, Rambabu Kodali) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Forecasting product returns for recycling in Indian electronics industry http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108313&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JAMR-02-2013-0013 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to develop a model for forecasting product returns to the company for recycling in terms of quantity and time. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique (GERT) has been applied for developing the forecasting model for product returns. A case of Indian mobile manufacturing company is discussed for the validation of this model. Survey conducted by the company and findings from previous research were used for data collection on probabilities and product life cycle. <B>Findings</B> – Product returns for their recycling are stochastic, random and uncertain. Therefore, to address the uncertainty, randomness and stochastic nature of product returns, GERT is very useful tool for forecasting product returns. <B>Practical implications</B> – GERT provides the visual picture of the reverse supply chain system and helps in determining the expected time of product returns in a much easier way but it requires probabilities of different flows and product life cycle. Both factors vary over a period, so require data update time to time before implementation. <B>Originality/value</B> – This model is developed by considering all possible flows of sold products from customer to their reuse, store or recycle or landfill. First time this type of real life flows have been considered and GERT has been applied for forecasting product returns. This model can be utilized by managers for better forecasting that will help them for effective reverse supply chain design. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Saurabh Agrawal, Rajesh K. Singh, Qasim Murtaza) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 A DEA-investigation of efficiency of the Indian general insurance during recession http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108314&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JAMR-07-2012-0030 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the efficiency analysis of the Indian general insurance sector using data envelopment analysis (DEA) and subsequently assess the impact (if any) of the global slowdown on the performance of the allied sector. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The paper aims to analyze the operating performance of 12 general insurance companies in India between 2006-2007 and 2009-2010 using DEA based on secondary data collected from Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Annual Reports. <B>Findings</B> – Findings clearly indicate that the global economic slowdown has severely affected the performance of the private sector companies; while the public sector companies exhibited relatively lesser variation in performance levels. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> – The methodology employed in the study estimates relative efficiencies without assuming any functional form; as a result the proper comparison of input utilized with the output produced is not possible. Several other tools like Malmquist Index and two-stage procedure have not been used. <B>Originality/value</B> – The study brings into light the operating characteristics and efficiencies of the Indian general insurance sector during the global slowdown and therefore holds practical value for policy makers and practitioners as well as for the decision makers of the firms employed in the study. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Santanu Mandal, Surajit Ghosh Dastidar) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 The shutdown of a government http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108315&show=abstract Editorial literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Surendra S. Yadav and Ravi Shankar) Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Awards for Excellence http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0972-7981&volume=11&issue=1&articleid=17108316&show=abstract 2013 Awards for Excellence Tue, 29 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0100