Emerald | Journal of Facilities Management | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1472-5967.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Journal of Facilities Management Journal en-gb Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Journal of Facilities Management | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/jfmcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1472-5967.htm 120 157 Building Integrated Project and Asset Management Teams for Sustainable Built Infrastructure Development http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113050&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The aim of this study is to investigate the relevance of RIVANS concept for integrating PM and AM for total asset management (TAM). The specific objectives are to: test RIVANS for TAM concept postulated by Kumaraswamy (2011) and Kumaraswamy et al. (2012); discover ways to enable PM and AM teams to work in an integrated manner; and recommend strategies and operational measures to promote greater team integration in the industry.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - This study is based in Hong Kong with parallel studies in the UK, Singapore and Sri Lanka. Through a comprehensive questionnaire, a case study on an organization engaged in both D&C and O&M works, interviews and hosting a workshop (all conducted with experienced industry practitioners and experts), a set of recommendations is derived to guide the industry towards greater team integration. <B>Findings</B> - Early involvement of O&M staff is important for better anticipating obstacles and learning from past experiences but PM and AM teams generally work independently with limited interaction. Priorities of the stakeholders are often different. Knowledge management is increasingly important but knowledge sharing is not always a priority. The three focus areas in the set of recommendations developed from Hong Kong are: I) Organizational/Management Structure, Procurement Strategies and Operational Mechanisms; II) Fostering Culture of Team Building and Providing Additional Means of Communication; and III) Informal Communication Tools.<B>Originality/value</B> - There has been little research into the communication, interaction and integration between PM and AM priorities and teams. However, increasing industry emphasis on sustainable buildings, end-user satisfaction and designing for maintainability dictates that PM and AM teams must work closer together, hence the imperative for mapping useful directions to be pursued. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Kelwin K. W. Wong, Mohan Kumaraswamy, Gangadhar Mahesh, Florence YY Ling) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Hedonic Values of Physical Infrastructure in House Rentals http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113054&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship and pricing effects of physical infrastructure on house rents using the hedonic technique.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Primary data is derived through a questionnaire survey and secondary data, from existing literature. Sampling data on 211 detached residential buildings with a range of physical infrastructure attributes within Lekki Phase 1 area of Lagos is analysed with the hedonic regression technique. <B>Findings</B> - Results reveal significant impacts and a range of price premium estimates of physical infrastructure on house rents in the study area.<B>Originality/value</B> - The study suggests a nouvelle and contextualized approach for sustainable infrastructure delivery, improvement and maintenance. Appropriate pricing will help to guide and support physical infrastructure development and sustainability. When tailored in line with market support, achievable pricing can be attained in setting land based user charges and tariffs for cost recovery on projected developments and reform. Results from empirical market evidence also provides demand and viability indicators that offer invaluable blueprints, by which governments, policy/decision makers, investors, town-planning authorities, and other stakeholders can take sustainable decisions based on priority, in the face of budgetary constraints - a significant characteristic of the Nigerian economy. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Funlola Famuyiwa, Gabriel Kayode Babawale) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Understanding and Managing the Threat of Disruptive Events to the Critical National Infrastructure http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113017&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Concern about the vulnerability of utility networks, (electricity, gas and water) and other infrastructures, including transport and telecommunications, to environmental, terrorist and other threats has increased in recent years. This has been motivated both by a perceived increase in such threats and by recognition that the commercial pressures and regulation of companies operating these infrastructures could unintentionally have increased that risk. Powerful simulation tools already help utility operators develop asset investment polices to improve both the performance and resilience of their networks, whilst others have helped increase their capability to respond efficiently when disruptive events occur. However, these tools need to be further developed to increase understanding of how the interdependencies between operational, investment, commercial and regulatory pressures influence and eventually define the strategic policies available to these organisations and what the long-run consequences will be for the resilience of these systems and hence for service continuity. This paper describes a high- level model portraying these relationships, and reports the early findings from testing alternative strategies, both over the long and short term. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - Use of System Dynamics methods and tools to develop a new approach to strategy and policy development for risk management for organisations operating the critical national infrastructure. <B>Findings</B> - 1. System dynamics is a valid approach to address the problem of understanding risk and developing risk mitigation and management strategies for organisations operating the critical national infrastructure. 2. To develop policies that will effectively manage and mitigate risk in the critical national infrastructure it is essential to identify and model the interactions and interdependencies between the organisational, investment, commercial and regulatory factors. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> - The research has developed a proof of concept model and set of simulation tools which produce good results using test data from one type of organisation operating in the critical national infrastructure. The model has not been tested using data from other organisations types. Similarly the software written in the model has not been tested in operational conditions and further testing will be required. <B>Practical implications</B> - The model at the moment can only be applied to single organisation. The interactions between organisations is not in scope.<B>Originality/value</B> - 1. Although some work in the field using simulation tools and methods has been done in the USA; the use of system dynamics and its application to the specific situation on the UK and Europe is new. 2. The model uses earlier work which applied system dynamics to the subject of asset investment planning but is a major step forward from this work. 3. Risk and resilience is one of the major challenges facing operators of the critical national structure. this work will be of potential value to all these organisations. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Robert Thurlby, Kim Warren) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 From Perpetual to Wasting Asset: A time for Paradigm Shift? http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113056&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The durability feature of real estate has had consequential implications on the appreciation of the asset class. This paper presents an objective overview of the factual discourse around the wasting nature of real estate for an appreciation of the resultant exacting management responsibility.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The paper employs literature survey and key informant interview to identify the peculiar features of real estate to understand the exacting responsibility of its ownership and management.<B>Findings</B> - The study reveals that real estate is a specialised investment asset that requires extra management care, costs and specialised expertise to retain its investment value. Thus, the asset is not inherently perpetual but wasting and requires conscious physical and functional management; which are dependent on sound financial management.<B>Practical implications</B> - Real estate investment decisions must be made with the exacting management responsibility in mind. Both individual and corporate investors must employ a sinking fund policy to meet the financial liability involved in managing both income and non-income properties. The government of Ghana must create a National Infrastructure Maintenance Fund and adopt a National Infrastructure Management Strategy for managing the existing stock of public real estate.<B>Originality/value</B> - It is the first literature appraisal and facts collation on the wasting nature of real estate and its attendant exacting management responsibility with a call for paradigm shift in our understanding of this investment asset. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Stephen Ameyaw) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Modeling and optimization of road transport facility operations http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113030&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - This paper presents a linear mathematical framework for modeling and optimizing road transport infrastructure. The framework assesses and optimizes performance of existing transport facility rather than relying on building new roads for the ever-increasing travel demand.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The mathematical framework is built upon a traffic model called Cell Transmission Model (CTM). CTM describes the relationship and evolution of traffic flow and concentration over space and time. The model is parsimonious and accurate in predicting traffic dynamics. More importantly, the traffic flow model is piecewise linear with which the corresponding transport facility optimization problem can be formulated as a Linear Programming (LP) problem and solved by established solution algorithm for global optimality.<B>Findings</B> - We select a section on England Motorway M25 as a case study. With traffic data, we first calibrate the CTM and we are able to produce traffic estimation with a reasonable error rate of 12%. The corresponding LP then seeks an optimal ramp metering strategy that minimizes the delay on the motorway. It is shown that an optimal and practical strategy can be derived which reduces the motorway delay by 10% without significantly hurting the surrounding connectors.<B>Originality/value</B> - Instead of the tedious microscopic models used by many traditional tools, the underlying CTM is parsimonious and reliable. The tools developed herein is based upon plausbile traffic theory and will be accessible for a wide range of users. The LP formulation can be easily implemented and solved for optimal and practical control strategies for real-world transport networks by using existing computer software (CPLEX) within reasonable computational time. The present work will certainly contribute to the sustainable development of transport facility. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Andy HF Chow, Ying Li) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 Asset Management Policies and Guidelines of Different States in Australia: A Comparative Analysis http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113014&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - Australian state-wide asset management policies and guidelines are an emergent policy domain, generating a substantial body of knowledge. However, these documents are spread across the layers of government and are therefore largely fragmented and lack coherency. To improve understanding of the policy context in order to best shape policy focus and guidelines, the purpose of this paper is to explore and compare the asset management policies and practices of six Australian states – New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania.<B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The comparative study is based on the thematic mapping technique using Leximancer software. <B>Findings</B> - Asset management policies and guidelines of New South Wales and Victoria have more interconnected themes as compared to other states in Australia. Moreover, based on the findings, New South Wales has covered most of the key concepts in relation to asset management; the remaining five states are yet to develop a comprehensive and integrated approach to asset management policies and guidelines.<B>Research limitations/implications</B> - This review and its findings have provided a number of directions on which government policies can now be better constructed and assessed. In doing so the paper contributes to a coherent way forward to satisfy national emergent and ongoing asset management challenges. This paper outlines a rigorous analytical methodology to inform specific policy changes.<B>Originality/value</B> - This paper provides a basis for further research focused on analyzing the context and processes of asset management guidelines and policies. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Muhammad Nateque Mahmood, Subas Prasad Dhakal, Kerry Brown, Robyn Keast, Anna Wiewiora) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100 An investigation on policy direction and drivers for sustainable facilities management practice in Nigeria http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1472-5967&volume=12&issue=3&articleid=17113058&show=abstract <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the state of sustainable FM practice in Nigeria particularly as it relates to sustainability policy and key drivers for sustainable FM practice among corporate organisations in Nigeria. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> - The paper relied on data derived from a survey of 58 respondents (facilities managers and other top managers who have FM portfolios) representing 58 corporate organisations registered with Nigeria’s corporate affairs commission and interview sections in a case study setting with three interviewees representing three corporate establishments in Nigeria. <B>Findings</B> - Findings – Findings identified health and safety, waste management, and flexible working environment as the three main sustainability policy directions in that order while sustainability policy on biodiversity, urbanisation and forestation were the three least rated. Furthermore, the key drivers for sustainable FM practice are corporate image, job creation and waste reduction. Others are enhancing relation with stakeholders, and reduction in energy consumption.<B>Originality/value</B> - This paper provides empirical evidence on the state of sustainable FM practice in Nigeria as a way of contributing to the much needed body of knowledge on sustainability in general and sustainable FM practice in particular. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (DUBEM ISAAC IKEDIASHI, STEPHEN OGUNLANA, Anthony Ujene) Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100