Emerald | Journal of Public Mental Health | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1746-5729.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Journal of Public Mental Health Journal en-gb Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Journal of Public Mental Health | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/jpmhcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1746-5729.htm 120 157 Schoolchildren's perspectives on the meaning of mental health http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105256&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JPMH-09-2012-0003 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – Mental health of children and young people is often discussed in terms of mental illness, however, such an approach is limited. The purpose of this paper is to explore young people's views of what mental health is and how to stay mentally healthy. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The paper investigated young people's views on these two issues through a series of workshops. In total 218, 13-year-old schoolchildren produced posters with their impressions of the issues. Themes that young people identified were then discussed with them in terms of the existing Bright Futures definition of mental health. Poster responses were subsequently transcribed and thematically analysed. <B>Findings</B> – The paper identified a number of themes for each question. Mental health was viewed in terms of personal attributes of an individual, illness, ability for personal management and establishing social relations. Young people saw mental health maintained through a combination of lifestyle choices, personal attributes, management of self and environment, social support and relationships, as well as treatment of illness. These themes corresponded to the ones identified by the Bright Futures. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> – This study highlights the complexity of young people's views on the meaning of mental health. They were also more positive, open and competent in discussing mental health than previously suggested. However, a more systematic investigation of views and attitudes is necessary, including younger children. Additionally, health care professionals are likely to benefit from young people's engagement in planning and implementing strategies for better mental health. <B>Originality/value</B> – This paper is one of the few to investigate the positive meaning of mental health with young people. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Claire Bone, Nisha Dogra) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Parents' communication to primary school-aged children about mental health and ill-health: a grounded theory study http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105257&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JPMH-09-2013-0063 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – Stigma around mental health problems is known to emerge in middle childhood and persist into adulthood, yet almost nothing is known about the role of parents in this process. This paper aims to develop a model of parental communication to primary school-aged children around mental health and ill-health, to increase understanding about how stigma develops. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – Semi-structured interviews were performed with ten UK-based parents of children aged 7-11 years. Analysis followed an exploratory grounded theory approach, incorporating quality assurance checks. <B>Findings</B> – Parents’ communications are governed by the extent to which they view a particular issue as related to “Them” (mental ill-health) or to “Us” (mental health). In contrast to communication about “Us”, parental communication about mental “illness” is characterized by avoidance and contradiction, and driven by largely unconscious processes of taboo and stigma. <B>Originality/value</B> – This study was the first to explore parents’ communications to their 7-11 year old children about mental health and mental illness, and proposes a preliminary theoretical model that may offer insight into the development of stigma in childhood and the intergenerational transmission of stigmatized attitudes. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Joanne Mueller, Margie M. Callanan, Kathryn Greenwood) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Schools and adolescent mental health: education providers or health care providers? http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105258&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JPMH-07-2013-0050 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The issue of mental health amongst students in the senior years of secondary schooling is one which has recently gained traction in mainstream media and public discourse across Australia. The purpose of this paper is to uncover the ways in which schools and other education providers are responding to mental health issues amongst their students both proactively (for prevention) and reactively (for referral and treatment). <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The project took a qualitative research approach to gathering data from student support staff based in schools and out-of-school learning settings, through a focus group methodology. <B>Findings</B> – The project found that despite policy rhetoric and research evidence supporting pro-active, curriculum integrated, early intervention to prevent and avoid mental illness and mental distress amongst secondary school students, most schools still take a reactive, piecemeal approach to prevention of mental illness and provision of mental health care. Individual schools and learning providers are responding to issues in a variety of ways, along a continuum of care. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> – The project had a small sample size and restricted geographic area. The divergence in findings between staff from schools in this area and staff from other education providers suggests much more work needs to be done in establishing the implications of bureaucratic sector and school governance on health and wellbeing outcomes.<B>Originality/value</B> – This paper begins to explore an under-researched area of school and other education provider responses to rising concern about student mental health. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Liza Hopkins) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 A multifaceted intervention to improve mental health literacy in employees of a multi-campus university: a cluster randomised trial http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105259&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JPMH-03-2013-0010 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this study was to assess whether a multifaceted intervention could improve mental health literacy, facilitate help seeking and reduce psychological distress and alcohol misuse in staff of a multi-campus university in Australia. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – In this cluster randomised trial (ACTRN12610001027000), nine campuses were paired, with one of each pair randomly assigned to either intervention or control. Interventions (which were whole-of-campus) included e-mails, posters, campus events, factsheets/booklets and mental health first aid training courses. A monitoring sample of staff were recruited from each campus. Participants had a 20-minute computer-assisted telephone interview at baseline, and at the end of academic years 1 and 2. The interview assessed mental health literacy, help seeking for mental health problems, psychological distress and alcohol use. The primary outcomes were depression and anxiety levels and alcohol use and pertained to the individual level. Six campuses were randomised to intervention and three to control and all campuses were included in the analysis. <B>Findings</B> – There were no effects on depression and anxiety levels and alcohol use. Recall of intervention elements was greater in the intervention group at the end of the two-year assessment period. Staff in the intervention group showed better recognition of depression, greater knowledge of the National Health and Medical Research Council guidelines for safe levels of drinking and a greater intention to seek help for alcohol misuse from a general practitioner. <B>Originality/value</B> – Future interventions should involve more focused interventions that include consideration of working conditions and their influence on mental health, as well as addressing mental illness among employees, regardless of cause. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Nicola J. Reavley, Terence V. McCann, Stefan Cvetkovski, Anthony F. Jorm) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Influencing public awareness to prevent male suicide http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105260&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JPMH-05-2013-0028 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to report findings from a formative evaluation of a suicide prevention public awareness campaign – Choose Life, North Lanarkshire. The focus is on preventing male suicide. The paper explores how the public campaign supports a co-ordinated and community-based direction for suicide prevention work, and examines how good practice can be identified, spread, and sustained. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The paper draws on data collected from March to November 2011, using mixed primary research methods, including a quota survey, discussion groups with the general public, and stakeholder interviews. <B>Findings</B> – The campaign effectively raised the suicide awareness of a substantial proportion of those targeted, but with regional variations. It also affected the attitudes and behaviour of those who were highly aware. However, men and women engaged somewhat differently with the campaign. The sports and leisure settings approach was effective in reaching younger men. <B>Practical implications</B> – The paper discusses emerging considerations for suicide prevention, focusing on gender and approaches and materials for engaging with the public as “influencers”. There are challenges to target audiences more specifically, provide a clear call to action, and engage the public in a sustained way. <B>Originality/value</B> – This paper reflects on insights from a complex programme, exceptional in its focus on targeted sections of the public, especially young males. The paper indicates the importance for research and practice of intersecting dimensions of male identity, stigma and mental health, and other risk and protective factors which can inform campaigns highlighting talk about suicide among men. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Mark Robinson, Debbie Braybrook, Steve Robertson) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 The workload of a psychiatric clinic at a general hospital in a post conflict area: a model from Iraq http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105261&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/JPMH-12-2012-0023 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how a psychiatric clinic in a general hospital can function in conflict-ridden Iraq through the easing of patient access to services. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The workload of psychiatrists was analyzed for one year (2010) at the psychiatry consultation clinic located in the campus of the Medical City Hospital in Central Baghdad which is also a training center. <B>Findings</B> – A total of 2,997 consultations (both adults and children) occurred in 2010. In total, 96 percent were self or family referrals. Patient services were provided by five consulting psychiatrists for a variety of psychiatric disorders. The main therapeutic intervention was the prescription of psychotropics. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> – Despite the turbulent circumstances and limited mental health resources in Iraq, this clinic was established as a model to attract patients for consultation and triage management to reduce appointment defaults and delayed care. <B>Practical implications</B> – The data can contribute to the planning and development of mental health services in Iraq, contributing to the current body of literature and serving as a model for other conflict areas. <B>Originality/value</B> – To best of the understanding this study is the first in the country. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Maha Younis, Abdul Kareem Al Obaidi, Ahmed Al-Nuaimi) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105262&show=abstract Editorial literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Woody Caan) Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 2013 Awards for Excellence http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1746-5729&volume=13&issue=1&articleid=17105263&show=abstract 2013 Awards for Excellence Wed, 12 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000