Emerald | Multicultural Education & Technology Journal | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1750-497X.htm Table of contents from the most recently published issue of Multicultural Education & Technology Journal Journal en-gb Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited editorial@emeraldinsight.com support@emeraldinsight.com 60 Emerald | Multicultural Education & Technology Journal | Table of Contents http://www.emeraldinsight.com/common_assets/img/covers_journal/metjcover.gif http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1750-497X.htm 120 157 Religious education and ethical attitude of Muslim adolescents in Malaysia http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098981&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/METJ-03-2013-0008 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The study aims to investigate the students' perceptions on the teaching of Islamic education in the Malaysian secondary schools. The study will also look into the students' attitudes based on their personal self-evaluation as well as to examine the relationship between these two variables. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The study employs quantitative and survey research design. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire which is distributed to samples that were randomly selected in representing the selected population among students of Malaysian secondary schools. The instrument used is a modification of instrument developed by Ab Halim et al., Ahmad Munawar and dan Azhar. The pilot study done shows a high reliability of 0.924 for the assessment of Islamic education teachings and 0.869 for the aspect of Islamic attitudes. 3,262 Form 4 and 6 students from selected schools in Malaysia participated in the study. The data were analyzed to display the frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson's correlation. <B>Findings</B> – The study revealed a high level of mean on the aspect of students' evaluation on the teaching of Islamic education at their schools. It was also found that the level of students' attitudes was also high, i.e. 4.26. There was a significant relation between the students' perceptions on the teaching of Islamic education and their attitudes (<IT>r</IT>=0.740, <IT>p</IT>=0.000). <B>Practical implications</B> – The implementation of teaching and learning strategies and new approaches are some of important elements in the teaching and learning process of Islamic education. This study shows that the lesson of Islamic education has significant and strong relationship with the students' attitudes in their daily lives. Since the students felt that the lesson of Islamic education was important for them, teachers should improve the lesson on Islamic education by using different types of teaching methods, technique application and motivational approaches. The teaching of Islamic education should not only focus on theoretical aspects but must also emphasize on practical implementation of Islamic knowledge. <B>Originality/value</B> – This paper describes the religious teaching and learning in schools which has significant relationship with the students' daily attitudes. A new area of research can be conducted to explore the most important factors of teaching and learning that contribute to the students' attitudes development. These findings can also be used by educators to improve the quality of the lessons based on the students' evaluation. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Ab Halim Tamuri, Mohd Yusof Othman, Jawiah Dakir, Ahmad Munawar Ismail, Zakaria Stapa) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Automated tajweed checking rules engine for Quranic learning http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098982&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/METJ-03-2013-0012 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to provide a structural overview of speech recognition system for developing Quranic verse recitation recognition with tajweed checking rules function. This function has been introduced, due to support the existing and manual method of talaqqi and musyafahah method in Quranic learning process, which described as face-to-face learning process between students and teachers. Here, the process of listening, correction and repetition of the correct Al-Quran recitation took place in real-time condition. However, this method is believed to become less effective and unattractive to be implemented, especially towards the young Muslim generation who are more attracted to the latest technology. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – This paper focuses on the development of software prototype, mainly for developing an automated Tajweed checking rules engine, purposely for Quranic learning. It has been implemented and tested towards the j-QAF students at primary school in Malaysia. <B>Findings</B> – The paper provides empirical insight about the viability and implementation of Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) algorithm of feature extraction technique and hidden Markov model (HMM) classification for recognition part, with the results of recognition rate reached to 91.95 percent (ayates) and 86.41 percent (phonemes), after been tested on <IT>sourate Al-Fatihah</IT>. <B>Originality/value</B> – Based on the result, proved that the engine has a potential to be used as an educational tool, which helps the students read Al-Quran better, even without the presence of teachers (Mudarris)/parents to monitor them. Automated system with Tajweed checking rules capability functions could be another alternative due to support the existing method of manual skills of Quranic learning process, without denying the main role of teachers in teaching Al-Quran. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris, Zaidi Razak, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Islamic art and the ethos of spirituality within a civilizational context http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098983&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/METJ-03-2013-0010 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – Islamic art is characterized by a deep-rooted vitality and distinct form of expression that arises from its intimate position with regard to Islamic civilization. While civilizational turning points and major occurrences have held deep ramifications for its growth and development, the most prominent catalysts of civilizational status are not only found in the realm of the political and economic, but rather within a deeper expanse of ideas, spirituality, and societal consciousness; of which Islamic art acts as a prime indicator. The paper aims to discuss these issues. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – This paper would seek to survey the depths inherent within Islamic spirituality's relationship with Islamic art, and further isolate the reasons and source of their subsistence and continued prevalence. <B>Findings</B> – The paper further delves into the relationship shared by spirituality and art, and the influences they exert upon one another. Moreover, it attempts to delineate between the mundane and transcendental spheres of civilizational growth and development, while seeking to come to terms with the sustainability of Islamic art, and its position with respect to Islamic civilization. <B>Originality/value</B> – The paper concludes that Islamic art is sustained and defined by means of a unique catalyzing ethos responsible for Islamic civilizational culture that is altogether distinct from the temporal mundane reality of socio-political conditions of civilization. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Fadila Grine, Benaouda Bensaid, M.Y. Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Information visualization techniques for presenting <IT>Qur'an</IT> histories and atlas http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098984&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/METJ-03-2013-0011 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – The purpose of this paper is to study suitable visualization techniques representing <IT>Qur'an</IT> history and atlas. It focuses on analyzing the effectiveness of the concept map and the hyperbolic tree visualization techniques. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – The effectiveness is measured in the aspects of the task time to complete a search based on questions provided. The task time is predicted using a task analysis technique called keystroke level model – goal operator methods and selection rules (KLM-GOMS). It is suitable to produce the hypothesis of which visualization techniques are able to maneuver the users to complete the task goals in the shortest time. The scope presented is the histories and locations related to selected chapters in part 30 of the <IT>Qur'an</IT>. <B>Findings</B> – Hyperbolic tree is more time effective compared with concept map visualization technique. Concept map visualization system has been voted as the most satisfying visualization technique even though the difference is only 1.3 seconds. The more important aspect for this analysis is the presentation of the information. Information should be presented clearly rather than hidden although the hidden function should be provided for users to use. However, both techniques are predicted to support conceptual understanding. <B>Research limitations/implications</B> – The focus of the analysis was data structure and how to get to the right nodes before retrieving the final output. <B>Social implications</B> – Assisting developers of Qur'anic systems therefore improves the effectiveness of users of Qur'anic system in finding information. <B>Originality/value</B> – Analysis on visualization techniques in context <IT>Qur'an</IT> history and atlas using KLM-GOMS study in terms of locations that lead to the birth of various chapters in <IT>Qur'an</IT> is rarely being discussed. Previous studies focus on development and implementation of textual <IT>Qur'an</IT> systems while this study focuses on user analysis using techniques mentioned above. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Raja-Jamilah Raja-Yusof, Jananatul Akmal, Nazean Jomhari) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the relationship between Islamic religious learning and community: Special reference to ‘Abdul Rahman Ibn Khaldun and Mohammad Tahir Ben Achour http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098985&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/METJ-03-2013-0013 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – Muslims' commitment to religious learning and its institutions speaks of a genuine interest in a lifestyle characterized by education and wisdom, spiritual and religious well-being, in addition to sustainable intellectual and socio-cultural conditions of their communities. At the core of these critical contributions however, lays the question of the interplay between religious learning and community building, and the means according to which religious learning is continually the driving force for development and prosperity. This study aims to examine a number of questions pertaining to the character of Islamic religious learning while exploring the problems impeding religious learning from the effective development of the community. Specifically, this research draws on the perspectives of two prominent Muslim scholars, ‘Abdul Rahman Ibn Khaldun and Mohammad Tahir Ben Achour in an attempt to further understand the dilemmas impairing the position of Islamic religious learning in relation to the general context of Muslim communities. This inquiry opens new fields of critical inquiry on the role of religious learning today and brings to light some of the issues causing declining influence on the effective development of Muslim communities. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – Examination of Islamic sources to develop conceptual framework on the issue of religious learning and community. <B>Findings</B> – Ingraining the mind with varying degrees of information on a particular Islamic subject or mastery of a particular textbook without challenging students' minds with on-going problems and challenges, emerging ideas or trends, or growing emotions and behaviors; only causes memorized lessons to creep into stagnancy and inertia, thus shifting attention to the form and shape of learning as opposed to its essence and implications for community change and development. This calls for a systematic review of Islamic religious learning in such a way that it draws essentially from the primary sources of Islamic thinking while drawing learners closer to the folds of piety and moral discipline, embracing social change as a validating parameter for effective learning, while continually building active bridges with the surrounding community. <B>Originality/value</B> – Research relied on original Islamic sources including works of Ibn Khaldun and Ibn Achour. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Benaouda Bensaid, Saleh Ben Tahar Machouche) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 An experience of developing Quran ontology with contextual information support http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098986&show=abstract http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/METJ-03-2013-0009 <strong>Abstract</strong><br /><br /><B>Purpose</B> – Ontologies play an important role in enabling machines to understand and navigate a knowledge base. Currently, a number of ontologies covering specific topic in the Quran have been created to serve a particular application. However, these existing Quran ontologies are limited in scope and knowledge. Specifically, existing ontologies do not support contextual information that is considered necessary for correct interpretation of the verses of Quran. The paper aims to discuss these issues. <B>Design/methodology/approach</B> – In order to fill this gap, this paper reports development of an ontology for Juz' Amma that encapsulates contextual information support, which are the translations, revelations place, tafsir, and hadiths. <B>Findings</B> – The developed ontology was evaluated and was found to satisfy the requirements specification. <B>Originality/value</B> – In addition, this ontology can be reused and further enhanced to support many Quran-related semantic applications in the future. Article literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Rizwan Iqbal, Aida Mustapha, Zulkifli Mohd. Yusoff) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Searching for excellence in Islamic studies: a South East Asia perspective http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=1750-497X&volume=7&issue=4&articleid=17098987&show=abstract Guest editorial literatinetwork@emeraldinsight.com (Dr Raja-Jamilah Raja-Yusof, Dr Fadila Grine) Fri, 08 Nov 2013 00:00:00 +0000