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Journal cover: International Journal of Operations & Production Management

International Journal of Operations & Production Management

ISSN: 0144-3577

Online from: 1980

Subject Area: Operations and Logistics Management

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Examining cumulative capabilities in a developing economy

Document Information:
Title:Examining cumulative capabilities in a developing economy
Author(s):Kwasi Amoako-Gyampah, (Department of Information Systems and Operations Management, Bryan School of Business and Economics, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA), Jack R. Meredith, (Babcock Graduate School of Management, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA)
Citation:Kwasi Amoako-Gyampah, Jack R. Meredith, (2007) "Examining cumulative capabilities in a developing economy", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 27 Iss: 9, pp.928 - 950
Keywords:Developing countries, Ghana, Strategic manufacturing
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/01443570710775801 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the cumulative capabilities theory of manufacturing strategy against the capabilities tradeoffs theory in a less-developed economy. It also aims to test whether the sequential development of capabilities follows the same order prescribed in the sand cone model.

Design/methodology/approach – Specific hypotheses on the relationships among the four manufacturing strategy components of cost, delivery, flexibility, and quality were stated. Data were collected from 126 manufacturing firms in Ghana. Statistical analyses included correlation, factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis.

Findings – As with previous studies, the evidence here supports the cumulative capabilities theory. However, tradeoffs between the capabilities of quality, cost, delivery, and flexibility were not found. In addition, the sequence of capability development was found to be different from that in developed economies, with cost being second in importance after quality. This is postulated to be due to the substantially different economic conditions in Ghana.

Practical implications – The findings of this research provide guidelines to managers, particularly in developing economies, on the sequence of manufacturing capability development that is most likely to occur as they seek lasting improvements in manufacturing performance.

Originality/value – This paper provides findings from a less-developed economic environment that is typically not included in manufacturing strategy research – Ghana. The consistency of the results with those obtained in more advanced economies provides additional evidence for the cumulative capability model.

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