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Journal cover: International Journal of Organizational Analysis

International Journal of Organizational Analysis

ISSN: 1934-8835

Online from: 1993

Subject Area: Organization Studies

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Spiritual expression at work: exploring the active voice of workplace spirituality

Document Information:
Title:Spiritual expression at work: exploring the active voice of workplace spirituality
Author(s):Jay R. Tombaugh, (University of Houston – Clear Lake, Houston, Texas, USA), Clifton Mayfield, (University of Houston – Clear Lake, Houston, Texas, USA), Roger Durand, (University of Houston – Clear Lake, Houston, Texas, USA)
Citation:Jay R. Tombaugh, Clifton Mayfield, Roger Durand, (2011) "Spiritual expression at work: exploring the active voice of workplace spirituality", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 19 Iss: 2, pp.146 - 170
Keywords:Employee behaviour, Job satisfaction, Workplace
Article type:Research paper
DOI:10.1108/19348831111135083 (Permanent URL)
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Purpose – This study aims to provide preliminary evidence for a new conceptualization and measure of workplace spirituality labeled spiritual expression at work (SEW). While the extant literature focuses on the fulfillment of workers' spiritual needs, spiritual expression refers to the impact of personal spirituality on the everyday thoughts, behaviors and interactions of employees.

Design/methodology/approach – A pilot study (n=92) included item generation and an exploratory factor analysis of the five-item SEW scale (SEWS). The primary validation study (n=348) consisted of: performing a confirmatory factor analysis of the SEWS; comparing the SEWS with other spirituality measures, including two measures of personal spirituality and two measures of values-based workplace spirituality; psychometrically assessing the convergent, discriminant and predictive validity of the SEWS; and examining the correlations and regression results between the SEWS and the comparison measures.

Findings – The SEWS showed acceptable psychometric properties across both samples, and the results support the convergent, discriminate and predictive validities of the SEW construct.

Research limitations/implications – This study is subject to the typical limitations of cross-sectional research. However, meaningful results were obtained across two samples.

Practical implications – These results suggest workers may express their spirituality regardless of their perceptions of the spiritual nature of the organization. In doing so, personal spirituality may impact important personal and organizational outcomes.

Originality/value – This study moves beyond existing research by showing a new way to assess workplace spirituality.

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